The Impact of Psychopathology, Race, and Environmental Context on Violent Offending in a Male Adolescent Sample

Arielle R. Baskin-Sommers, Deborah R. Baskin, Ira Sommers, Ava T. Casados, Molly K. Crossman, Shabnam Javdani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research has identified a multitude of demographic, psychological, and contextual factors that are associated with violent offending among youth. However, much of the previous research has focused on single factors, and little is known about the effects of these various factors in tandem. The present study examines whether certain community factors impact the effects of race and psychopathology on violent crime. Multivariate analyses were used to investigate race-psychopathology combinations and the moderating influence of exposure to community violence in a sample of youth (N = 1,116). Youth without antisocial personality disorder (APD) or psychopathy were less violent than the other diagnostic groups, and Black youth were less likely to have psychopathy compared with Whites and Hispanics. However, Black youth with APD and psychopathy were twice as likely to exhibit violent crime versatility. Furthermore, Black and Hispanic youth demonstrating aggressive conduct problems committed a greater number of violent crime types than Whites. This relationship was further qualified, such that Black and Hispanic youth with APD and psychopathy, who were more exposed to community violence, committed a greater number of violent crime types compared with Whites. These results suggest that prevention and intervention strategies should consider individual and community-level factors. (PsycINFO Database Record

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPersonality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 11 2016

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Keywords

  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Conduct problems
  • Exposure to community violence
  • Psychopathy
  • Race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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