The impact of multifocused interventions on sharps injury rates at an acute-care hospital

Robyn Gershon, Lisa Pearse, Martha Grimes, Patricia A. Flanagan, David Vlahov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of a multifocused interventional program on sharps injury rates. DESIGN: Sharps injury data were collected prospectively over a 9-year period (1990-1998). Pre- and postinterventional rates were compared after the implementation of sharps injury prevention interventions, which consisted of administrative, work-practice, and engineering controls (ie, the introduction of an anti-needlestick intravenous catheter and a new sharps disposal system). SETTING: Sharps injury data were collected from healthcare workers employed by a mid-sized, acute-care community hospital. RESULTS: Preinterventional annual sharps injury incidence rates decreased significantly from 82 sharps injuries/1,000 worked full-time-equivalent employees (WFTE) to 24 sharps injuries/1,000 WFTE employees postintervention (P<.0001), representing a 70% decline in incidence rate overall. Over the course of the study, the incidence rate for sharps injuries related to intravenous lines declined by 93%, hollow-bore needlesticks decreased by 75%, and non-hollow-bore injuries decreased by 25%. CONCLUSION: The implementation of a multifocused interventional program led to a significant and sustained decrease in the overall rate of sharps injuries in hospital-based healthcare workers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)806-811
Number of pages6
JournalInfection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Volume20
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

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Needlestick Injuries
Delivery of Health Care
Incidence
Community Hospital
Cohort Studies
Catheters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

The impact of multifocused interventions on sharps injury rates at an acute-care hospital. / Gershon, Robyn; Pearse, Lisa; Grimes, Martha; Flanagan, Patricia A.; Vlahov, David.

In: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, Vol. 20, No. 12, 01.12.1999, p. 806-811.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gershon, Robyn ; Pearse, Lisa ; Grimes, Martha ; Flanagan, Patricia A. ; Vlahov, David. / The impact of multifocused interventions on sharps injury rates at an acute-care hospital. In: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 1999 ; Vol. 20, No. 12. pp. 806-811.
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