The Impact of Holy Land Crusades on State Formation: War Mobilization, Trade Integration, and Political Development in Medieval Europe

Lisa Blaydes, Christopher Paik

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Holy Land Crusades were among the most significant forms of military mobilization to occur during the medieval period. Crusader mobilization had important implications for European state formation. We find that areas with large numbers of Holy Land crusaders witnessed increased political stability and institutional development as well as greater urbanization associated with rising trade and capital accumulation, even after taking into account underlying levels of religiosity and economic development. Our findings contribute to a scholarly debate regarding when the essential elements of the modern state first began to appear. Although our causal mechanisms - which focus on the importance of war preparation and urban capital accumulation - resemble those emphasized by previous research, we date the point of critical transition to statehood centuries earlier, in line with scholars who emphasize the medieval origins of the modern state. We also point to one avenue by which the rise of Muslim military and political power may have affected European institutional development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-586
Number of pages36
JournalInternational Organization
Volume70
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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crusade
political development
state formation
mobilization
capital accumulation
Military
statehood
political stability
political power
urbanization
Muslim
economics
Capital accumulation
Political development
Institutional development
Mobilization
Trade integration
State formation
Political power
Economic development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Law

Cite this

The Impact of Holy Land Crusades on State Formation : War Mobilization, Trade Integration, and Political Development in Medieval Europe. / Blaydes, Lisa; Paik, Christopher.

In: International Organization, Vol. 70, No. 3, 01.01.2016, p. 551-586.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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