The Impact of Holy Land Crusades on State Formation

War Mobilization, Trade Integration, and Political Development in Medieval Europe

Lisa Blaydes, Christopher Paik

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    Abstract

    Holy Land Crusades were among the most significant forms of military mobilization to occur during the medieval period. Crusader mobilization had important implications for European state formation. We find that areas with large numbers of Holy Land crusaders witnessed increased political stability and institutional development as well as greater urbanization associated with rising trade and capital accumulation, even after taking into account underlying levels of religiosity and economic development. Our findings contribute to a scholarly debate regarding when the essential elements of the modern state first began to appear. Although our causal mechanisms - which focus on the importance of war preparation and urban capital accumulation - resemble those emphasized by previous research, we date the point of critical transition to statehood centuries earlier, in line with scholars who emphasize the medieval origins of the modern state. We also point to one avenue by which the rise of Muslim military and political power may have affected European institutional development.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)551-586
    Number of pages36
    JournalInternational Organization
    Volume70
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

    Fingerprint

    crusade
    political development
    state formation
    mobilization
    capital accumulation
    Military
    statehood
    political stability
    political power
    urbanization
    Muslim
    economics
    Capital accumulation
    Institutional development
    Political development
    Mobilization
    Trade integration
    State formation
    Political power
    Economic development

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Political Science and International Relations
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
    • Law

    Cite this

    The Impact of Holy Land Crusades on State Formation : War Mobilization, Trade Integration, and Political Development in Medieval Europe. / Blaydes, Lisa; Paik, Christopher.

    In: International Organization, Vol. 70, No. 3, 01.01.2016, p. 551-586.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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