The Impact of an Interprofessional Pediatric Oral Health Clerkship on Advancing Interprofessional Education Outcomes

Erin Hartnett, Judith Haber, Peter Catapano, Nancy Dougherty, Amr Moursi, Ramin Kashani, Cindy Osman, Courtney Chinn, Abigail Bella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an innovative pediatric interprofessional education clinical experience using oral-systemic health as the clinical population example for improving the self-reported interprofessional competencies of family nurse practitioner, dental, and medical students. The objectives of the interprofessional experience were for students to apply pediatric oral health assessment, identify the pediatric oral-systemic connection, and practice a team-based approach to improve oral-systemic outcomes. In spring 2015, fall 2015, and spring 2016, a total of 162 family nurse practitioner, dental, and medical students participated in this interprofessional experience at Bellevue Pediatric Outpatient Clinics together with a pediatric dental resident. Team members collaborated in reviewing the patient chart, taking the patient's medical and dental history, performing an oral assessment, applying fluoride varnish, and providing education and anticipatory guidance. The Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Survey (ICCAS) was used as a pretest and posttest to evaluate the degree to which students perceived changes in their attitudes about interprofessional competencies following the learning experience. In the results, all students had improved mean scores from pretest to posttest after the experience, and these changes were statistically significant for all students: nurse practitioner (p<0.01), dentistry (p<0.01), and medicine (p<0.001). The mean change from pretest to posttest was statistically significant for each of the six interprofessional competency domains (p<0.01). In both pediatric dental and primary care settings, the changes from pre- to posttest were significant (p<0.001). The experience was similarly effective for all groups of students in increasing their attitudes about interprofessional collaboration. These findings suggest that a clinical approach can be an effective strategy for helping health professions students develop interprofessional competence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)878-886
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of dental education
Volume83
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

Fingerprint

Oral Health
Pediatrics
Students
Education
Family Nurse Practitioners
health
Dental Students
education
experience
nurse
student
Medical Students
medical student
Tooth
Topical Fluorides
Health Occupations
outpatient clinic
Nurse Practitioners
Dental Care
dentistry

Keywords

  • curriculum innovation
  • dental education
  • interprofessional education
  • medical education
  • nurse practitioner education
  • oral health education
  • oral-systemic health
  • pediatric dentistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

The Impact of an Interprofessional Pediatric Oral Health Clerkship on Advancing Interprofessional Education Outcomes. / Hartnett, Erin; Haber, Judith; Catapano, Peter; Dougherty, Nancy; Moursi, Amr; Kashani, Ramin; Osman, Cindy; Chinn, Courtney; Bella, Abigail.

In: Journal of dental education, Vol. 83, No. 8, 01.08.2019, p. 878-886.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hartnett, Erin ; Haber, Judith ; Catapano, Peter ; Dougherty, Nancy ; Moursi, Amr ; Kashani, Ramin ; Osman, Cindy ; Chinn, Courtney ; Bella, Abigail. / The Impact of an Interprofessional Pediatric Oral Health Clerkship on Advancing Interprofessional Education Outcomes. In: Journal of dental education. 2019 ; Vol. 83, No. 8. pp. 878-886.
@article{87753e8d5a734bad867b03fee14330a9,
title = "The Impact of an Interprofessional Pediatric Oral Health Clerkship on Advancing Interprofessional Education Outcomes",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an innovative pediatric interprofessional education clinical experience using oral-systemic health as the clinical population example for improving the self-reported interprofessional competencies of family nurse practitioner, dental, and medical students. The objectives of the interprofessional experience were for students to apply pediatric oral health assessment, identify the pediatric oral-systemic connection, and practice a team-based approach to improve oral-systemic outcomes. In spring 2015, fall 2015, and spring 2016, a total of 162 family nurse practitioner, dental, and medical students participated in this interprofessional experience at Bellevue Pediatric Outpatient Clinics together with a pediatric dental resident. Team members collaborated in reviewing the patient chart, taking the patient's medical and dental history, performing an oral assessment, applying fluoride varnish, and providing education and anticipatory guidance. The Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Survey (ICCAS) was used as a pretest and posttest to evaluate the degree to which students perceived changes in their attitudes about interprofessional competencies following the learning experience. In the results, all students had improved mean scores from pretest to posttest after the experience, and these changes were statistically significant for all students: nurse practitioner (p<0.01), dentistry (p<0.01), and medicine (p<0.001). The mean change from pretest to posttest was statistically significant for each of the six interprofessional competency domains (p<0.01). In both pediatric dental and primary care settings, the changes from pre- to posttest were significant (p<0.001). The experience was similarly effective for all groups of students in increasing their attitudes about interprofessional collaboration. These findings suggest that a clinical approach can be an effective strategy for helping health professions students develop interprofessional competence.",
keywords = "curriculum innovation, dental education, interprofessional education, medical education, nurse practitioner education, oral health education, oral-systemic health, pediatric dentistry",
author = "Erin Hartnett and Judith Haber and Peter Catapano and Nancy Dougherty and Amr Moursi and Ramin Kashani and Cindy Osman and Courtney Chinn and Abigail Bella",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.21815/JDE.019.088",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "83",
pages = "878--886",
journal = "Journal of Dental Education",
issn = "0022-0337",
publisher = "American Dental Education Association",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Impact of an Interprofessional Pediatric Oral Health Clerkship on Advancing Interprofessional Education Outcomes

AU - Hartnett, Erin

AU - Haber, Judith

AU - Catapano, Peter

AU - Dougherty, Nancy

AU - Moursi, Amr

AU - Kashani, Ramin

AU - Osman, Cindy

AU - Chinn, Courtney

AU - Bella, Abigail

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an innovative pediatric interprofessional education clinical experience using oral-systemic health as the clinical population example for improving the self-reported interprofessional competencies of family nurse practitioner, dental, and medical students. The objectives of the interprofessional experience were for students to apply pediatric oral health assessment, identify the pediatric oral-systemic connection, and practice a team-based approach to improve oral-systemic outcomes. In spring 2015, fall 2015, and spring 2016, a total of 162 family nurse practitioner, dental, and medical students participated in this interprofessional experience at Bellevue Pediatric Outpatient Clinics together with a pediatric dental resident. Team members collaborated in reviewing the patient chart, taking the patient's medical and dental history, performing an oral assessment, applying fluoride varnish, and providing education and anticipatory guidance. The Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Survey (ICCAS) was used as a pretest and posttest to evaluate the degree to which students perceived changes in their attitudes about interprofessional competencies following the learning experience. In the results, all students had improved mean scores from pretest to posttest after the experience, and these changes were statistically significant for all students: nurse practitioner (p<0.01), dentistry (p<0.01), and medicine (p<0.001). The mean change from pretest to posttest was statistically significant for each of the six interprofessional competency domains (p<0.01). In both pediatric dental and primary care settings, the changes from pre- to posttest were significant (p<0.001). The experience was similarly effective for all groups of students in increasing their attitudes about interprofessional collaboration. These findings suggest that a clinical approach can be an effective strategy for helping health professions students develop interprofessional competence.

AB - The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an innovative pediatric interprofessional education clinical experience using oral-systemic health as the clinical population example for improving the self-reported interprofessional competencies of family nurse practitioner, dental, and medical students. The objectives of the interprofessional experience were for students to apply pediatric oral health assessment, identify the pediatric oral-systemic connection, and practice a team-based approach to improve oral-systemic outcomes. In spring 2015, fall 2015, and spring 2016, a total of 162 family nurse practitioner, dental, and medical students participated in this interprofessional experience at Bellevue Pediatric Outpatient Clinics together with a pediatric dental resident. Team members collaborated in reviewing the patient chart, taking the patient's medical and dental history, performing an oral assessment, applying fluoride varnish, and providing education and anticipatory guidance. The Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Survey (ICCAS) was used as a pretest and posttest to evaluate the degree to which students perceived changes in their attitudes about interprofessional competencies following the learning experience. In the results, all students had improved mean scores from pretest to posttest after the experience, and these changes were statistically significant for all students: nurse practitioner (p<0.01), dentistry (p<0.01), and medicine (p<0.001). The mean change from pretest to posttest was statistically significant for each of the six interprofessional competency domains (p<0.01). In both pediatric dental and primary care settings, the changes from pre- to posttest were significant (p<0.001). The experience was similarly effective for all groups of students in increasing their attitudes about interprofessional collaboration. These findings suggest that a clinical approach can be an effective strategy for helping health professions students develop interprofessional competence.

KW - curriculum innovation

KW - dental education

KW - interprofessional education

KW - medical education

KW - nurse practitioner education

KW - oral health education

KW - oral-systemic health

KW - pediatric dentistry

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068432326&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068432326&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.21815/JDE.019.088

DO - 10.21815/JDE.019.088

M3 - Article

C2 - 31010889

AN - SCOPUS:85068432326

VL - 83

SP - 878

EP - 886

JO - Journal of Dental Education

JF - Journal of Dental Education

SN - 0022-0337

IS - 8

ER -