The HD molecule in small and medium cages of clathrate hydrates: Quantum dynamics studied by neutron scattering measurements and computation

Daniele Colognesi, Anna Powers, Milva Celli, Minzhong Xu, Zlatko Bacic, Lorenzo Ulivi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report inelastic neutron scattering (INS) measurements on molecular hydrogen deuteride (HD) trapped in binary cubic (sII) and hexagonal (sH) clathrate hydrates, performed at low temperature using two different neutron spectrometers in order to probe both energy and momentum transfer. The INS spectra of binary clathrate samples exhibit a rich structure containing sharp bands arising from both the rotational transitions and the rattling modes of the guest molecule. For the clathrates with sII structure, there is a very good agreement with the rigorous fully quantum simulations which account for the subtle effects of the anisotropy, angular and radial, of the host cage on the HD microscopic dynamics. The sH clathrate sample presents a much greater challenge, due to the uncertainties regarding the crystal structure, which is known only for similar crystals with different promoter, but nor for HD (or H2) plus methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE-d12).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134501
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume141
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 7 2014

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deuterides
clathrates
Neutron scattering
Hydrates
hydrates
Hydrogen
Inelastic neutron scattering
neutron scattering
Molecules
hydrogen
Neutron spectrometers
molecules
inelastic scattering
Momentum transfer
neutron spectrometers
Energy transfer
Anisotropy
Crystal structure
momentum transfer
ethers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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The HD molecule in small and medium cages of clathrate hydrates : Quantum dynamics studied by neutron scattering measurements and computation. / Colognesi, Daniele; Powers, Anna; Celli, Milva; Xu, Minzhong; Bacic, Zlatko; Ulivi, Lorenzo.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 141, No. 13, 134501, 07.10.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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