The growth of luminous red galaxies by merging

Morad Masjedi, David W. Hogg, Michael R. Blanton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We study the role of major and minor mergers in the mass growth of luminous red galaxies. We present small-scale (0.01 h-1 Mpc < r < 8 h-1 Mpc) projected cross-correlation functions of 23,043 luminous early-type galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) luminous red galaxy (LRG) sample (0.16 < z < 0.30, M0.3i - 5 log h ≈ -22.75 mag) with all their companions in the SDSS imaging sample, split into color and luminosity subsamples with M0.3i - 5 log h < -18 mag. We deproject the two-dimensional functions to obtain three-dimensional real-space LRG-galaxy cross-correlation functions for each companion subsample. We find that the cross-correlation functions are not pure power laws and that there is a clear "one-halo" to "two-halo" transition near 1 h-1 Mpc. We convert these results into close pair statistics and estimate the LRG accretion rate from each companion galaxy subsample using timescales from dynamical friction arguments for each subsample of the companions. We find that the accretion onto LRGs is dominated by dry mergers of galaxies that are more luminous than L*. We integrate the luminosity accretion rate from mergers over all companion galaxy subsamples and find that LRGs are growing by 1.7 ±0.1 h percent per Gyr, on average, from merger activity at redshift z ∼ 0.25. This rate is almost certainly an overestimate, because we have assumed that all close pairs are merging as quickly as dynamical friction allows; nonetheless, it is on the low side of the panoply of measurements in the literature, and it is lower than any rate predicted from theory.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)260-268
    Number of pages9
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume679
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 20 2008

    Fingerprint

    merger
    galaxies
    accretion
    friction
    cross correlation
    power law
    halos
    timescale
    luminosity
    rate
    statistics
    color
    estimates

    Keywords

    • cD
    • Galaxies: elliptical and lenticular
    • Galaxies: evolution
    • Galaxies: interactions
    • Large-scale structure of universe
    • Methods: statistical

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Masjedi, M., Hogg, D. W., & Blanton, M. R. (2008). The growth of luminous red galaxies by merging. Astrophysical Journal, 679(1), 260-268. https://doi.org/10.1086/586696

    The growth of luminous red galaxies by merging. / Masjedi, Morad; Hogg, David W.; Blanton, Michael R.

    In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 679, No. 1, 20.05.2008, p. 260-268.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Masjedi, M, Hogg, DW & Blanton, MR 2008, 'The growth of luminous red galaxies by merging', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 679, no. 1, pp. 260-268. https://doi.org/10.1086/586696
    Masjedi, Morad ; Hogg, David W. ; Blanton, Michael R. / The growth of luminous red galaxies by merging. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2008 ; Vol. 679, No. 1. pp. 260-268.
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    AB - We study the role of major and minor mergers in the mass growth of luminous red galaxies. We present small-scale (0.01 h-1 Mpc < r < 8 h-1 Mpc) projected cross-correlation functions of 23,043 luminous early-type galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) luminous red galaxy (LRG) sample (0.16 < z < 0.30, M0.3i - 5 log h ≈ -22.75 mag) with all their companions in the SDSS imaging sample, split into color and luminosity subsamples with M0.3i - 5 log h < -18 mag. We deproject the two-dimensional functions to obtain three-dimensional real-space LRG-galaxy cross-correlation functions for each companion subsample. We find that the cross-correlation functions are not pure power laws and that there is a clear "one-halo" to "two-halo" transition near 1 h-1 Mpc. We convert these results into close pair statistics and estimate the LRG accretion rate from each companion galaxy subsample using timescales from dynamical friction arguments for each subsample of the companions. We find that the accretion onto LRGs is dominated by dry mergers of galaxies that are more luminous than L*. We integrate the luminosity accretion rate from mergers over all companion galaxy subsamples and find that LRGs are growing by 1.7 ±0.1 h percent per Gyr, on average, from merger activity at redshift z ∼ 0.25. This rate is almost certainly an overestimate, because we have assumed that all close pairs are merging as quickly as dynamical friction allows; nonetheless, it is on the low side of the panoply of measurements in the literature, and it is lower than any rate predicted from theory.

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    KW - Large-scale structure of universe

    KW - Methods: statistical

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