The Gender Gap in U.S. Presidential Elections: When? Why? Implications?

Jeffrey Manza, Clem Brooks

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Social scientists and political commentators have frequently pointed to differences between men and women in voting and policy attitudes as evidence of an emerging "gender gap" in U.S. politics. Using survey data for 11 elections since 1952, this study develops a systematic analysis of the gender gap in presidential elections. The authors find evidence that women's changing rates of labor force participation explain the origins of the gender gap. Additional analyses show that attitudes toward social service spending mediate the interrelationship of women's labor force participation and vote choice. In the 1992 election, feminist consciousness also emerged as a significant factor shaping women's voting behavior.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1235-1266
    Number of pages32
    JournalAmerican Journal of Sociology
    Volume103
    Issue number5
    StatePublished - Mar 1998

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    presidential election
    labor force participation
    gender
    election
    voting behavior
    social scientist
    mobile social services
    evidence
    consciousness
    voting
    voter
    politics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science

    Cite this

    The Gender Gap in U.S. Presidential Elections : When? Why? Implications? / Manza, Jeffrey; Brooks, Clem.

    In: American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 103, No. 5, 03.1998, p. 1235-1266.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Manza, Jeffrey ; Brooks, Clem. / The Gender Gap in U.S. Presidential Elections : When? Why? Implications?. In: American Journal of Sociology. 1998 ; Vol. 103, No. 5. pp. 1235-1266.
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