The function of actin in gene transcription

A. Obrdlik, A. Kukalev, Piergiorgio Percipalle

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Recent developments in the field of gene transcription regulation have unfolded a key role for actin as an important co-factor for all three eukaryotic RNA polymerases. In this review article we discuss the latest findings on actin in transcription of protein-coding and ribosomal genes, in complex with specific hnRNP proteins and a form of myosin 1ß which is entirely localized to the cell nucleus. Based on these recent studies, we propose a general model where actin may function in basal gene transcription as an allosteric regulator, to recruit transcriptional co-activators on active genes. A future challenge will be the identification of the polymerization state of actin in gene transcription and how it is mechanistically regulated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1051-1055
Number of pages5
JournalHistology and Histopathology
Volume22
Issue number7-9
StatePublished - Jul 1 2007

Fingerprint

Actins
Genes
Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins
Ribosomal Proteins
DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases
Myosins
Cell Nucleus
Polymerization

Keywords

  • Nuclear actin
  • Nuclear myosin
  • Ribonucleoproteins
  • RNA polymerase
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology

Cite this

The function of actin in gene transcription. / Obrdlik, A.; Kukalev, A.; Percipalle, Piergiorgio.

In: Histology and Histopathology, Vol. 22, No. 7-9, 01.07.2007, p. 1051-1055.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Obrdlik, A, Kukalev, A & Percipalle, P 2007, 'The function of actin in gene transcription', Histology and Histopathology, vol. 22, no. 7-9, pp. 1051-1055.
Obrdlik, A. ; Kukalev, A. ; Percipalle, Piergiorgio. / The function of actin in gene transcription. In: Histology and Histopathology. 2007 ; Vol. 22, No. 7-9. pp. 1051-1055.
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