The Fermi gamma-ray haze from dark matter annihilations and anisotropic diffusion

Gregory Dobler, Ilias Cholis, Neal Weiner

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Recent full-sky maps of the Galaxy from the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope have revealed a diffuse component of emission toward the Galactic center and extending up to roughly ± 50° in latitude. This Fermi "haze" is the inverse Compton emission generated by the same electrons that generate the microwave synchrotron haze at Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe wavelengths. The gamma-ray haze has two distinct characteristics: the spectrum is significantly harder than emission elsewhere in the Galaxy and the morphology is elongated in latitude with respect to longitude with an axis ratio of ≈ 2. If these electrons are generated through annihilations of dark matter (DM) particles in the Galactic halo, this morphology is difficult to realize with a standard spherical halo and isotropic cosmic-ray (CR) diffusion. However, we show that anisotropic diffusion along ordered magnetic field lines toward the center of the Galaxy coupled with a prolate DM halo can easily yield the required morphology without making unrealistic assumptions about diffusion parameters. Furthermore, a Sommerfeld enhancement to the self-annihilation cross-section of ∼ 30 yields a good fit to the morphology, amplitude, and spectrum of both the gamma-ray and microwave haze. The model is also consistent with local CR measurements as well as cosmic microwave background constraints.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number25
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume741
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

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    Keywords

    • Galaxy: halo
    • astroparticle physics
    • dark matter
    • diffusion
    • gamma rays: ISM

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

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