The Examination of Myofascial Face Pain and Its Relationship to Psychological Distress Among Women

Alex J. Zautra, Joseph J. Marbach, Karen G. Raphael, Bruce P. Dohrenwend, Mary Clare Lennon, David A. Kenny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In this study, 110 female myofascial face pain patients were assessed monthly for 10 months on measures of pain, distress, and stressful life events. D. A. Kenny and A. J. Zautra's (1995) structural equation model for examining the separate trait, state, and error components of the variables was used to analyze the data. Both pain and distress had sizable trait variance, and the trait components were correlated. The 2 variables also showed sizable state variance, and the states of pain covaried with states of distress. A significant time-lagged relationship between the 2 variables was found: Increases in distress led to elevations in pain 1 month later. Stressful life events arising from major social roles were also associated with greater distress, but not pain. Illness events unrelated to the pain syndrome were associated with both pain and distress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-231
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1995



  • distress
  • pain
  • stress
  • structural modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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