The employment dynamics of disadvantaged women: Evidence from the SIPP

John Ham, Xianghong Li, Lara D. Shore-Sheppard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Understanding the employment dynamics of disadvantaged families is increasingly important. We estimate duration models describing these dynamics for disadvantaged single mothers and use them to conduct a rich set of counterfactual analyses. We use a misreporting model to correct for “seam bias,” the problem that too many transitions are reported between reference periods in panel data. We find effects of demographics, minimum wages, unemployment rates, and maximum welfare benefits, but not policy changes introduced through state welfare waivers, on employment dynamics. We find that two commonly used ad hoc methods of addressing seam bias perform substantially worse than our approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-944
Number of pages46
JournalJournal of Labor Economics
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

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Employment dynamics
Seam
Unemployment rate
Single mothers
Welfare state
Misreporting
Panel data
Duration models
Ad hoc
Minimum wage
Demographics
Policy change
Welfare benefits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial relations
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

The employment dynamics of disadvantaged women : Evidence from the SIPP. / Ham, John; Li, Xianghong; Shore-Sheppard, Lara D.

In: Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 34, No. 4, 01.10.2016, p. 899-944.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ham, John ; Li, Xianghong ; Shore-Sheppard, Lara D. / The employment dynamics of disadvantaged women : Evidence from the SIPP. In: Journal of Labor Economics. 2016 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 899-944.
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