We prove that the distribution of eigenvectors of generalized Wigner matrices is universal both in the bulk and at the edge. This includes a probabilistic version of local quantum unique ergodicity and asymptotic normality of the eigenvector entries. The proof relies on analyzing the eigenvector flow under the Dyson Brownian motion. The key new ideas are: (1) the introduction of the eigenvector moment flow, a multi-particle random walk in a random environment, (2) an effective estimate on the regularity of this flow based on maximum principle and (3) optimal finite speed of propagation holds for the eigenvector moment flow with very high probability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics