The efficiency of two-phase designs in prevalence surveys of mental disorders

S. C. Newman, Patrick Shrout, R. C. Bland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A two-phase survey of mental disorders uses a screening test to identify possible cases, thereby reducing the resources devoted to interviewing those not having the condition of interest. It is demonstrated using a mathematical model that in situations likely to be encountered in practice a two-phase design may lead to an increase in the efficiency of prevalence rate estimation, and also to an improvement in the efficiency of case detection. However, in certain applications the modest gain in efficiency may not warrant the additional complexity of a two-phase approach to data collection. Data from a survey of mental disorders in Edmonton, Canada, which collected information on 3258 community residents using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule and the General Health Questionnaire, are used to demonstrate how two-phase methods would have changed the efficiency of an actual survey.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-193
Number of pages11
JournalPsychological Medicine
Volume20
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1990

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Mental Disorders
Canada
Appointments and Schedules
Theoretical Models
Interviews
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

The efficiency of two-phase designs in prevalence surveys of mental disorders. / Newman, S. C.; Shrout, Patrick; Bland, R. C.

In: Psychological Medicine, Vol. 20, No. 1, 1990, p. 183-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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