The effects of time perspective and level of construal on social distance

Elena Stephan, Nira Liberman, Yaacov Trope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Psychological causes of social distance were examined from the perspective of Construal Level Theory (CLT; Liberman, Trope, & Stephan, 2007), which predicts that temporal distance from and abstract construal of a social target would create perception of social distance. Our studies demonstrate that expectations for temporally remote (versus proximal) social interaction produce greater social distance from a target person, measured as reduced familiarity (Study 1) and as reduced similarity to the self (Study 2). We also show that a more abstract, higher level construal of a social target results in less familiarity (Study 3) and in less allocation of resources (Study 4). The research sheds light on how social closeness can be promoted or hindered by previously unaddressed psychological factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-402
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

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Social Distance
social distance
Psychology
self-study
Resource Allocation
psychological factors
Interpersonal Relations
cause
human being
interaction
Research
resources
time
Recognition (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Level of construal
  • Social distance
  • Temporal perspective

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

The effects of time perspective and level of construal on social distance. / Stephan, Elena; Liberman, Nira; Trope, Yaacov.

In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 47, No. 2, 03.2011, p. 397-402.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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