The effects of early maternal employment on later cognitive and behavioral outcomes

Wen-Jui Han, Jane Waldfogel, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    This article investigates the long-term impact of early maternal employment on children's cognitive and behavioral outcomes. Non-Hispanic White and African American children aged 3 to 4 in the 1986 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were followed longitudinally to see whether the effects that prior studies found at age 3 to 4 persist into the school-age years (ages 7 to 8) or whether those effects attenuate over time. The empirical results indicate that maternal employment in the 1st year of a child's life has significant negative effects on White children's cognitive outcomes. These effects persist to ages 7 or 8 for some children but not for others. We also found some negative effects of maternal employment in the 1st year on behavioral problems as assessed at age 7 or 8, but again these effects are found only for White children.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)336-354
    Number of pages19
    JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
    Volume63
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 1 2001

    Fingerprint

    Maternal Employment
    school
    African American children
    School Age
    American
    time

    Keywords

    • Behavioral outcomes
    • Child's cognitive outcomes
    • Early maternal employment

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Anthropology
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
    • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    The effects of early maternal employment on later cognitive and behavioral outcomes. / Han, Wen-Jui; Waldfogel, Jane; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne.

    In: Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 63, No. 2, 01.05.2001, p. 336-354.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Han, Wen-Jui ; Waldfogel, Jane ; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. / The effects of early maternal employment on later cognitive and behavioral outcomes. In: Journal of Marriage and Family. 2001 ; Vol. 63, No. 2. pp. 336-354.
    @article{489bb9fc2e0c423fac5d55768ff8d1a8,
    title = "The effects of early maternal employment on later cognitive and behavioral outcomes",
    abstract = "This article investigates the long-term impact of early maternal employment on children's cognitive and behavioral outcomes. Non-Hispanic White and African American children aged 3 to 4 in the 1986 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were followed longitudinally to see whether the effects that prior studies found at age 3 to 4 persist into the school-age years (ages 7 to 8) or whether those effects attenuate over time. The empirical results indicate that maternal employment in the 1st year of a child's life has significant negative effects on White children's cognitive outcomes. These effects persist to ages 7 or 8 for some children but not for others. We also found some negative effects of maternal employment in the 1st year on behavioral problems as assessed at age 7 or 8, but again these effects are found only for White children.",
    keywords = "Behavioral outcomes, Child's cognitive outcomes, Early maternal employment",
    author = "Wen-Jui Han and Jane Waldfogel and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn",
    year = "2001",
    month = "5",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.00336.x",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "63",
    pages = "336--354",
    journal = "Journal of Marriage and Family",
    issn = "0022-2445",
    publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
    number = "2",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The effects of early maternal employment on later cognitive and behavioral outcomes

    AU - Han, Wen-Jui

    AU - Waldfogel, Jane

    AU - Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

    PY - 2001/5/1

    Y1 - 2001/5/1

    N2 - This article investigates the long-term impact of early maternal employment on children's cognitive and behavioral outcomes. Non-Hispanic White and African American children aged 3 to 4 in the 1986 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were followed longitudinally to see whether the effects that prior studies found at age 3 to 4 persist into the school-age years (ages 7 to 8) or whether those effects attenuate over time. The empirical results indicate that maternal employment in the 1st year of a child's life has significant negative effects on White children's cognitive outcomes. These effects persist to ages 7 or 8 for some children but not for others. We also found some negative effects of maternal employment in the 1st year on behavioral problems as assessed at age 7 or 8, but again these effects are found only for White children.

    AB - This article investigates the long-term impact of early maternal employment on children's cognitive and behavioral outcomes. Non-Hispanic White and African American children aged 3 to 4 in the 1986 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were followed longitudinally to see whether the effects that prior studies found at age 3 to 4 persist into the school-age years (ages 7 to 8) or whether those effects attenuate over time. The empirical results indicate that maternal employment in the 1st year of a child's life has significant negative effects on White children's cognitive outcomes. These effects persist to ages 7 or 8 for some children but not for others. We also found some negative effects of maternal employment in the 1st year on behavioral problems as assessed at age 7 or 8, but again these effects are found only for White children.

    KW - Behavioral outcomes

    KW - Child's cognitive outcomes

    KW - Early maternal employment

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035343931&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035343931&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.00336.x

    DO - 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.00336.x

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:0035343931

    VL - 63

    SP - 336

    EP - 354

    JO - Journal of Marriage and Family

    JF - Journal of Marriage and Family

    SN - 0022-2445

    IS - 2

    ER -