The effects of early maternal employment on child cognitive development

Jane Waldfogel, Wen-Jui Han, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We investigated the effects of early maternal employment on children's cognitive outcomes, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth on 1,872 children who can be followed from birth to age 7 or 8. We found some persistent adverse effects of first-year maternal employment and some positive effects of second-and third-year maternal employment on cognitive outcomes for non-Hispanic white children, but not for African American or Hispanic children. These effects are present even after we controlled for a range of individual and family characteristics that affect child development, including those that are likely to be correlated with maternal employment, such as breast-feeding and the use of nonmaternal child care. Controlling for family fixed effects reduces the effects of early maternal employment on some cognitive outcomes but not on others.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)369-392
    Number of pages24
    JournalDemography
    Volume39
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - May 1 2002

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    cognitive development
    child care

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Demography

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    Waldfogel, J., Han, W-J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2002). The effects of early maternal employment on child cognitive development. Demography, 39(4), 369-392.

    The effects of early maternal employment on child cognitive development. / Waldfogel, Jane; Han, Wen-Jui; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne.

    In: Demography, Vol. 39, No. 4, 01.05.2002, p. 369-392.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Waldfogel, J, Han, W-J & Brooks-Gunn, J 2002, 'The effects of early maternal employment on child cognitive development', Demography, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 369-392.
    Waldfogel J, Han W-J, Brooks-Gunn J. The effects of early maternal employment on child cognitive development. Demography. 2002 May 1;39(4):369-392.
    Waldfogel, Jane ; Han, Wen-Jui ; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. / The effects of early maternal employment on child cognitive development. In: Demography. 2002 ; Vol. 39, No. 4. pp. 369-392.
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