The effects of child temperament, maternal characteristics, and family circumstances on the maladjustment of school-age children.

S. G. McClowry, S. K. Giangrande, N. R. Tommasini, W. Clinton, N. S. Foreman, K. Lynch, S. L. Ferketich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Eighty-nine mothers with children between the ages of 8 and 11 years reported perceptions of their child's adjustment and temperament, and described concurrent family circumstances such as socioeconomic status, level of parental distress, major life events experienced, maternal hassles, and their own psychiatric symptoms. A conceptual model hypothesizing the direct and indirect effects of family circumstances, maternal characteristics, and child temperament on the maladjustment of school-age children was tested using causal modeling with residual analysis. Fifty-six percent of child externalizing behavior was directly explained by the negative reactivity and nonpersistence of the child's temperament, and maternal hassles. A total of 33% of the variance of internalizing behavior was explained by the direct effects of negative reactivity of the child's temperament and maternal hassles. For both externalizing and internalizing behavior, a total of 54% of the variance in maternal hassles was explained by three variables: maternal psychiatric symptoms contributed 34%, major life events added 15%, and the intensity of the mother's temperament added an additional 5%. These three variables have a direct effect on maternal hassles and together had an indirect effect of .24 on child externalizing behavior through maternal hassles. Likewise, they have a direct effect on maternal hassles and together had an indirect effect of .31 on child internalizing behavior through maternal hassles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Volume17
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1994

Fingerprint

Temperament
Mothers
Child Behavior
Psychiatry
Social Adjustment
Social Class

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

McClowry, S. G., Giangrande, S. K., Tommasini, N. R., Clinton, W., Foreman, N. S., Lynch, K., & Ferketich, S. L. (1994). The effects of child temperament, maternal characteristics, and family circumstances on the maladjustment of school-age children. Research in Nursing and Health, 17(1), 25-35.

The effects of child temperament, maternal characteristics, and family circumstances on the maladjustment of school-age children. / McClowry, S. G.; Giangrande, S. K.; Tommasini, N. R.; Clinton, W.; Foreman, N. S.; Lynch, K.; Ferketich, S. L.

In: Research in Nursing and Health, Vol. 17, No. 1, 02.1994, p. 25-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McClowry, SG, Giangrande, SK, Tommasini, NR, Clinton, W, Foreman, NS, Lynch, K & Ferketich, SL 1994, 'The effects of child temperament, maternal characteristics, and family circumstances on the maladjustment of school-age children.', Research in Nursing and Health, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 25-35.
McClowry, S. G. ; Giangrande, S. K. ; Tommasini, N. R. ; Clinton, W. ; Foreman, N. S. ; Lynch, K. ; Ferketich, S. L. / The effects of child temperament, maternal characteristics, and family circumstances on the maladjustment of school-age children. In: Research in Nursing and Health. 1994 ; Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 25-35.
@article{df4399ffb01c4837bc2bc212054ad0ab,
title = "The effects of child temperament, maternal characteristics, and family circumstances on the maladjustment of school-age children.",
abstract = "Eighty-nine mothers with children between the ages of 8 and 11 years reported perceptions of their child's adjustment and temperament, and described concurrent family circumstances such as socioeconomic status, level of parental distress, major life events experienced, maternal hassles, and their own psychiatric symptoms. A conceptual model hypothesizing the direct and indirect effects of family circumstances, maternal characteristics, and child temperament on the maladjustment of school-age children was tested using causal modeling with residual analysis. Fifty-six percent of child externalizing behavior was directly explained by the negative reactivity and nonpersistence of the child's temperament, and maternal hassles. A total of 33{\%} of the variance of internalizing behavior was explained by the direct effects of negative reactivity of the child's temperament and maternal hassles. For both externalizing and internalizing behavior, a total of 54{\%} of the variance in maternal hassles was explained by three variables: maternal psychiatric symptoms contributed 34{\%}, major life events added 15{\%}, and the intensity of the mother's temperament added an additional 5{\%}. These three variables have a direct effect on maternal hassles and together had an indirect effect of .24 on child externalizing behavior through maternal hassles. Likewise, they have a direct effect on maternal hassles and together had an indirect effect of .31 on child internalizing behavior through maternal hassles.",
author = "McClowry, {S. G.} and Giangrande, {S. K.} and Tommasini, {N. R.} and W. Clinton and Foreman, {N. S.} and K. Lynch and Ferketich, {S. L.}",
year = "1994",
month = "2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "25--35",
journal = "Research in Nursing and Health",
issn = "0160-6891",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of child temperament, maternal characteristics, and family circumstances on the maladjustment of school-age children.

AU - McClowry, S. G.

AU - Giangrande, S. K.

AU - Tommasini, N. R.

AU - Clinton, W.

AU - Foreman, N. S.

AU - Lynch, K.

AU - Ferketich, S. L.

PY - 1994/2

Y1 - 1994/2

N2 - Eighty-nine mothers with children between the ages of 8 and 11 years reported perceptions of their child's adjustment and temperament, and described concurrent family circumstances such as socioeconomic status, level of parental distress, major life events experienced, maternal hassles, and their own psychiatric symptoms. A conceptual model hypothesizing the direct and indirect effects of family circumstances, maternal characteristics, and child temperament on the maladjustment of school-age children was tested using causal modeling with residual analysis. Fifty-six percent of child externalizing behavior was directly explained by the negative reactivity and nonpersistence of the child's temperament, and maternal hassles. A total of 33% of the variance of internalizing behavior was explained by the direct effects of negative reactivity of the child's temperament and maternal hassles. For both externalizing and internalizing behavior, a total of 54% of the variance in maternal hassles was explained by three variables: maternal psychiatric symptoms contributed 34%, major life events added 15%, and the intensity of the mother's temperament added an additional 5%. These three variables have a direct effect on maternal hassles and together had an indirect effect of .24 on child externalizing behavior through maternal hassles. Likewise, they have a direct effect on maternal hassles and together had an indirect effect of .31 on child internalizing behavior through maternal hassles.

AB - Eighty-nine mothers with children between the ages of 8 and 11 years reported perceptions of their child's adjustment and temperament, and described concurrent family circumstances such as socioeconomic status, level of parental distress, major life events experienced, maternal hassles, and their own psychiatric symptoms. A conceptual model hypothesizing the direct and indirect effects of family circumstances, maternal characteristics, and child temperament on the maladjustment of school-age children was tested using causal modeling with residual analysis. Fifty-six percent of child externalizing behavior was directly explained by the negative reactivity and nonpersistence of the child's temperament, and maternal hassles. A total of 33% of the variance of internalizing behavior was explained by the direct effects of negative reactivity of the child's temperament and maternal hassles. For both externalizing and internalizing behavior, a total of 54% of the variance in maternal hassles was explained by three variables: maternal psychiatric symptoms contributed 34%, major life events added 15%, and the intensity of the mother's temperament added an additional 5%. These three variables have a direct effect on maternal hassles and together had an indirect effect of .24 on child externalizing behavior through maternal hassles. Likewise, they have a direct effect on maternal hassles and together had an indirect effect of .31 on child internalizing behavior through maternal hassles.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028373029&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028373029&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8134608

AN - SCOPUS:0028373029

VL - 17

SP - 25

EP - 35

JO - Research in Nursing and Health

JF - Research in Nursing and Health

SN - 0160-6891

IS - 1

ER -