The effect of local violence on children's attention and impulse control

Patrick T. Sharkey, Nicole Tirado-Strayer, Andrew V. Papachristos, C. Cybele Raver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: We examined whether the burden of violence in a child's community environment alters the child's behavior and functioning in the classroom setting. Methods: To identify the effects of local violence, we exploited variation in the timing of local homicides, based on data from the Chicago Police Department, relative to the timing of interview assessments conducted as part of a randomized controlled trial conducted with preschoolers in Head Start programs from 2004-2006, the Chicago School Readiness Project. We compared children's scores when exposed to recent local violence with scores when no recent violence had occurred to identify causal effects. Results: When children were assessed within a week of a homicide that occurred near their home, they exhibited lower levels of attention and impulse control and lower preacademic skills. The analysis showed strong positive effects of local violence on parental distress, providing suggestive evidence that parental responses may be a likely pathway by which local violence affects young children. Conclusions: Exposure to homicide generates acute psychological distress among caregivers and impairs children's self-regulatory behavior and cognitive functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2287-2293
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume102
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Fingerprint

Violence
Homicide
Child Behavior
Police
Caregivers
Randomized Controlled Trials
Interviews
Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

The effect of local violence on children's attention and impulse control. / Sharkey, Patrick T.; Tirado-Strayer, Nicole; Papachristos, Andrew V.; Raver, C. Cybele.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 102, No. 12, 12.2012, p. 2287-2293.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sharkey, Patrick T. ; Tirado-Strayer, Nicole ; Papachristos, Andrew V. ; Raver, C. Cybele. / The effect of local violence on children's attention and impulse control. In: American Journal of Public Health. 2012 ; Vol. 102, No. 12. pp. 2287-2293.
@article{379fa1b94d8e46658e1eb4c4aea9b522,
title = "The effect of local violence on children's attention and impulse control",
abstract = "Objectives: We examined whether the burden of violence in a child's community environment alters the child's behavior and functioning in the classroom setting. Methods: To identify the effects of local violence, we exploited variation in the timing of local homicides, based on data from the Chicago Police Department, relative to the timing of interview assessments conducted as part of a randomized controlled trial conducted with preschoolers in Head Start programs from 2004-2006, the Chicago School Readiness Project. We compared children's scores when exposed to recent local violence with scores when no recent violence had occurred to identify causal effects. Results: When children were assessed within a week of a homicide that occurred near their home, they exhibited lower levels of attention and impulse control and lower preacademic skills. The analysis showed strong positive effects of local violence on parental distress, providing suggestive evidence that parental responses may be a likely pathway by which local violence affects young children. Conclusions: Exposure to homicide generates acute psychological distress among caregivers and impairs children's self-regulatory behavior and cognitive functioning.",
author = "Sharkey, {Patrick T.} and Nicole Tirado-Strayer and Papachristos, {Andrew V.} and Raver, {C. Cybele}",
year = "2012",
month = "12",
doi = "10.2105/AJPH.2012.300789",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "102",
pages = "2287--2293",
journal = "American Journal of Public Health",
issn = "0090-0036",
publisher = "American Public Health Association Inc.",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of local violence on children's attention and impulse control

AU - Sharkey, Patrick T.

AU - Tirado-Strayer, Nicole

AU - Papachristos, Andrew V.

AU - Raver, C. Cybele

PY - 2012/12

Y1 - 2012/12

N2 - Objectives: We examined whether the burden of violence in a child's community environment alters the child's behavior and functioning in the classroom setting. Methods: To identify the effects of local violence, we exploited variation in the timing of local homicides, based on data from the Chicago Police Department, relative to the timing of interview assessments conducted as part of a randomized controlled trial conducted with preschoolers in Head Start programs from 2004-2006, the Chicago School Readiness Project. We compared children's scores when exposed to recent local violence with scores when no recent violence had occurred to identify causal effects. Results: When children were assessed within a week of a homicide that occurred near their home, they exhibited lower levels of attention and impulse control and lower preacademic skills. The analysis showed strong positive effects of local violence on parental distress, providing suggestive evidence that parental responses may be a likely pathway by which local violence affects young children. Conclusions: Exposure to homicide generates acute psychological distress among caregivers and impairs children's self-regulatory behavior and cognitive functioning.

AB - Objectives: We examined whether the burden of violence in a child's community environment alters the child's behavior and functioning in the classroom setting. Methods: To identify the effects of local violence, we exploited variation in the timing of local homicides, based on data from the Chicago Police Department, relative to the timing of interview assessments conducted as part of a randomized controlled trial conducted with preschoolers in Head Start programs from 2004-2006, the Chicago School Readiness Project. We compared children's scores when exposed to recent local violence with scores when no recent violence had occurred to identify causal effects. Results: When children were assessed within a week of a homicide that occurred near their home, they exhibited lower levels of attention and impulse control and lower preacademic skills. The analysis showed strong positive effects of local violence on parental distress, providing suggestive evidence that parental responses may be a likely pathway by which local violence affects young children. Conclusions: Exposure to homicide generates acute psychological distress among caregivers and impairs children's self-regulatory behavior and cognitive functioning.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84869200466&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84869200466&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300789

DO - 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300789

M3 - Article

C2 - 23078491

AN - SCOPUS:84869200466

VL - 102

SP - 2287

EP - 2293

JO - American Journal of Public Health

JF - American Journal of Public Health

SN - 0090-0036

IS - 12

ER -