The effect of controlled microrobotized blasting on implant surface texturing and early osseointegration

Luiz F. Gil, Charles Marin, Hellen Teixeira, Heloisa F. Marão, Nick Tovar, Rehan Khan, Estevam A. Bonfante, Malvin Janal, Paulo G. Coelho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Surface topography modifications have become a key strategy for hastening the host-to-implant response to implantable materials. The present study evaluated the effect of three different carefully controlled surface texture patterns achieved through microrobotized blasting (controlled to high, medium and low roughness) relative to a larger scale blasting procedure (control) in early osseointegration in a canine model. Four commercially pure grade 2 titanium alloy implants (one of each surface) were bilaterally placed in the radii of six beagle dogs and allowed end points of 1 and 6 weeks in vivo. Following sacrifice, implants in bone were non-decalcified processed for bone morphologic and histometric (bone-to-implant contact; bone area fraction occupancy) evaluation. Surface topography was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and optical interferometry. Results showed initial osteogenic tissue interaction at one week and new bone in intimate contact with all implant surfaces at 6 weeks. At 1 and 6 weeks in vivo, higher bone-to-implant and bone area fraction occupancy were observed for the high texture pattern microrobotized blasted surface relative to others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)900-907
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomaterials Applications
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Implant surface
  • bone
  • histology
  • osseointegration
  • surface roughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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