The effect of chitosan (poly-n-acetyl glucosamine) on lingual hemostasis in heparinized rabbits

Perry R. Klokkevold, Haruhisa Fukayama, Eric C. Sung, Charles Bertolami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chitosan on lingual hemostasis in rabbits whose coagulation pathway had been impaired by administration of intravenous heparin. Materials and Methods: Bleeding times were measured for bilateral (15 mm X 2 mm) tongue incisions in 10 New Zealand white rabbits. Using a randomized, blinded experimental design, one incision in each animal was treated with chitosan, and the other was treated with the control vehicle without chitosan. Activated coagulation times and extraoral bleeding times were measured for each animal before, during, and after heparinization. Results: Intravenous infusion of heparin more than tripled the mean activated coagulation time and increased mean systemic bleeding time by 40%. In this heparinized animal model, lingual incisions receiving the experimental substance showed a 43% improvement in bleeding time as compared with lingual incisions receiving the control solution (P ≤ .001). Chitosan treatment brought bleeding time of the lingual incision for heparinized animals within the normal range. Scanning electron microscopic evaluation of the incisions treated with chitosan showed an altered red blood cell morphology and an unusual affinity between erythrocytes. Conclusions: Topical application of chitosan to lingual incisions effectively decreased intraoral bleeding time in a therapeutically anticoagulated (heparinized) rabbit model. Chitosan facilitated lingual hemostasis, possibly through interaction with erythrocytes, linking them together to establish a cellular Clot or hemostatic plug.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-52
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1999

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Glucosamine
Chitosan
Bleeding Time
Hemostasis
Tongue
Rabbits
Erythrocytes
Heparin
Hemostatics
Intravenous Infusions
Intravenous Administration
Reference Values
Research Design
Animal Models
Electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Surgery

Cite this

The effect of chitosan (poly-n-acetyl glucosamine) on lingual hemostasis in heparinized rabbits. / Klokkevold, Perry R.; Fukayama, Haruhisa; Sung, Eric C.; Bertolami, Charles.

In: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol. 57, No. 1, 01.1999, p. 49-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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