The effect of chewing gum on learning as measured by test performance

K. L. Allen, R. G. Norman, Ralph Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This research project investigated the relationship between chewing gum and short-term learning, as prior studies had reported conflicting results. Incoming first-year dental students were assigned by stratified randomisation to either a group who chewed gum during lectures and examinations or a group that did not chew gum. The research subjects listened to a taped lecture on dental anatomy and then completed two examinations: (1) a test of specific knowledge which was a multiple-choice test on the dental anatomy lecture material; and (2) a test of generalised knowledge which was a standardised reading comprehension exam. Statistical analysis of the results showed that in a group of graduate students with a history of high academic performance, there was no difference in learning between research subjects who chewed gum compared with those who did not chew gum, as measured by performance on either test.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-107
Number of pages6
JournalNutrition Bulletin
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

Fingerprint

chewing gum
Chewing Gum
Gingiva
learning
Learning
Research Subjects
teeth
Anatomy
Tooth
students
testing
academic achievement
Dental Students
Random Allocation
research projects
Reading
statistical analysis
Students
Research

Keywords

  • Chewing gum
  • Learning
  • Memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

The effect of chewing gum on learning as measured by test performance. / Allen, K. L.; Norman, R. G.; Katz, Ralph.

In: Nutrition Bulletin, Vol. 33, No. 2, 06.2008, p. 102-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Allen, K. L. ; Norman, R. G. ; Katz, Ralph. / The effect of chewing gum on learning as measured by test performance. In: Nutrition Bulletin. 2008 ; Vol. 33, No. 2. pp. 102-107.
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