The contribution of timbre attributes to musical tension

Morwaread Farbood, Khen C. Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Timbre is an auditory feature that has received relatively little attention in empirical work examining musical tension. In order to address this gap, an experiment was conducted to explore the contribution of several specific timbre attributes - inharmonicity, roughness, spectral centroid, spectral deviation, and spectral flatness - to the perception of tension. Listeners compared pairs of sounds representing low and high degrees of each attribute and indicated which sound was more tense. Although the response profiles showed that the high states corresponded with increased tension for all attributes, further analysis revealed that some attributes were strongly correlated with others. When qualitative factors, attribute correlations, and listener responses were all taken into account, there was fairly strong evidence that higher degrees of roughness, inharmonicity, and spectral flatness elicited higher tension. On the other hand, evidence that higher spectral centroid and spectral deviation corresponded to increases in tension was ambiguous.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-427
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume141
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

flatness
centroids
roughness
deviation
acoustics
Spectrality
Timbre
profiles
Deviation
Roughness
Listeners
Sound
Hearing
Experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

The contribution of timbre attributes to musical tension. / Farbood, Morwaread; Price, Khen C.

In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 141, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 419-427.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a6dba887b1d245678e7a68aecc18416f,
title = "The contribution of timbre attributes to musical tension",
abstract = "Timbre is an auditory feature that has received relatively little attention in empirical work examining musical tension. In order to address this gap, an experiment was conducted to explore the contribution of several specific timbre attributes - inharmonicity, roughness, spectral centroid, spectral deviation, and spectral flatness - to the perception of tension. Listeners compared pairs of sounds representing low and high degrees of each attribute and indicated which sound was more tense. Although the response profiles showed that the high states corresponded with increased tension for all attributes, further analysis revealed that some attributes were strongly correlated with others. When qualitative factors, attribute correlations, and listener responses were all taken into account, there was fairly strong evidence that higher degrees of roughness, inharmonicity, and spectral flatness elicited higher tension. On the other hand, evidence that higher spectral centroid and spectral deviation corresponded to increases in tension was ambiguous.",
author = "Morwaread Farbood and Price, {Khen C.}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1121/1.4973568",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "141",
pages = "419--427",
journal = "Journal of the Acoustical Society of America",
issn = "0001-4966",
publisher = "Acoustical Society of America",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The contribution of timbre attributes to musical tension

AU - Farbood, Morwaread

AU - Price, Khen C.

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Timbre is an auditory feature that has received relatively little attention in empirical work examining musical tension. In order to address this gap, an experiment was conducted to explore the contribution of several specific timbre attributes - inharmonicity, roughness, spectral centroid, spectral deviation, and spectral flatness - to the perception of tension. Listeners compared pairs of sounds representing low and high degrees of each attribute and indicated which sound was more tense. Although the response profiles showed that the high states corresponded with increased tension for all attributes, further analysis revealed that some attributes were strongly correlated with others. When qualitative factors, attribute correlations, and listener responses were all taken into account, there was fairly strong evidence that higher degrees of roughness, inharmonicity, and spectral flatness elicited higher tension. On the other hand, evidence that higher spectral centroid and spectral deviation corresponded to increases in tension was ambiguous.

AB - Timbre is an auditory feature that has received relatively little attention in empirical work examining musical tension. In order to address this gap, an experiment was conducted to explore the contribution of several specific timbre attributes - inharmonicity, roughness, spectral centroid, spectral deviation, and spectral flatness - to the perception of tension. Listeners compared pairs of sounds representing low and high degrees of each attribute and indicated which sound was more tense. Although the response profiles showed that the high states corresponded with increased tension for all attributes, further analysis revealed that some attributes were strongly correlated with others. When qualitative factors, attribute correlations, and listener responses were all taken into account, there was fairly strong evidence that higher degrees of roughness, inharmonicity, and spectral flatness elicited higher tension. On the other hand, evidence that higher spectral centroid and spectral deviation corresponded to increases in tension was ambiguous.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85010411028&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85010411028&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1121/1.4973568

DO - 10.1121/1.4973568

M3 - Article

VL - 141

SP - 419

EP - 427

JO - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

JF - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

SN - 0001-4966

IS - 1

ER -