The continuing decline of coral reefs in Bahrain

John Burt, Khalifa Al-Khalifa, Ebtesam Khalaf, Bassem AlShuwaikh, Ahmed Abdulwahab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Historically coral reefs of Bahrain were among the most extensive in the southern basin of the Arabian Gulf. However, Bahrain's reefs have undergone significant decline in the last four decades as a result of large-scale coastal development and elevated sea surface temperature events. Here we quantitatively surveyed six sites including most major coral reef habitats around Bahrain and a reef located 72. km offshore. Fleshy and turf algae now dominate Bahrain's reefs (mean: 72% cover), and live coral cover is low (mean: 5.1%). Formerly dominant Acropora were not observed at any site. The offshore Bulthama reef had the highest coral cover (16.3%) and species richness (22 of the 23 species observed, 13 of which were exclusive to this site). All reefs for which recent and historical data are available show continued degradation, and it is unlikely that they will recover under continuing coastal development and projected climate change impacts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-363
Number of pages7
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume72
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 30 2013

Fingerprint

Bahrain
Reefs
coral reefs
coral reef
reefs
reef
coastal development
algae
corals
coral
Persian Gulf
Acropora
lawns and turf
surface temperature
sea surface temperature
species richness
alga
Algae
climate change
basins

Keywords

  • Bahrain
  • Bleaching
  • Coral
  • Reclamation
  • Recovery
  • Reef

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Oceanography
  • Pollution

Cite this

Burt, J., Al-Khalifa, K., Khalaf, E., AlShuwaikh, B., & Abdulwahab, A. (2013). The continuing decline of coral reefs in Bahrain. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 72(2), 357-363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.08.022

The continuing decline of coral reefs in Bahrain. / Burt, John; Al-Khalifa, Khalifa; Khalaf, Ebtesam; AlShuwaikh, Bassem; Abdulwahab, Ahmed.

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 72, No. 2, 30.07.2013, p. 357-363.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burt, J, Al-Khalifa, K, Khalaf, E, AlShuwaikh, B & Abdulwahab, A 2013, 'The continuing decline of coral reefs in Bahrain', Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 357-363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.08.022
Burt J, Al-Khalifa K, Khalaf E, AlShuwaikh B, Abdulwahab A. The continuing decline of coral reefs in Bahrain. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2013 Jul 30;72(2):357-363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.08.022
Burt, John ; Al-Khalifa, Khalifa ; Khalaf, Ebtesam ; AlShuwaikh, Bassem ; Abdulwahab, Ahmed. / The continuing decline of coral reefs in Bahrain. In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2013 ; Vol. 72, No. 2. pp. 357-363.
@article{dc8ed76da7ad48c88ea23c92828a342c,
title = "The continuing decline of coral reefs in Bahrain",
abstract = "Historically coral reefs of Bahrain were among the most extensive in the southern basin of the Arabian Gulf. However, Bahrain's reefs have undergone significant decline in the last four decades as a result of large-scale coastal development and elevated sea surface temperature events. Here we quantitatively surveyed six sites including most major coral reef habitats around Bahrain and a reef located 72. km offshore. Fleshy and turf algae now dominate Bahrain's reefs (mean: 72{\%} cover), and live coral cover is low (mean: 5.1{\%}). Formerly dominant Acropora were not observed at any site. The offshore Bulthama reef had the highest coral cover (16.3{\%}) and species richness (22 of the 23 species observed, 13 of which were exclusive to this site). All reefs for which recent and historical data are available show continued degradation, and it is unlikely that they will recover under continuing coastal development and projected climate change impacts.",
keywords = "Bahrain, Bleaching, Coral, Reclamation, Recovery, Reef",
author = "John Burt and Khalifa Al-Khalifa and Ebtesam Khalaf and Bassem AlShuwaikh and Ahmed Abdulwahab",
year = "2013",
month = "7",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.08.022",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "72",
pages = "357--363",
journal = "Marine Pollution Bulletin",
issn = "0025-326X",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The continuing decline of coral reefs in Bahrain

AU - Burt, John

AU - Al-Khalifa, Khalifa

AU - Khalaf, Ebtesam

AU - AlShuwaikh, Bassem

AU - Abdulwahab, Ahmed

PY - 2013/7/30

Y1 - 2013/7/30

N2 - Historically coral reefs of Bahrain were among the most extensive in the southern basin of the Arabian Gulf. However, Bahrain's reefs have undergone significant decline in the last four decades as a result of large-scale coastal development and elevated sea surface temperature events. Here we quantitatively surveyed six sites including most major coral reef habitats around Bahrain and a reef located 72. km offshore. Fleshy and turf algae now dominate Bahrain's reefs (mean: 72% cover), and live coral cover is low (mean: 5.1%). Formerly dominant Acropora were not observed at any site. The offshore Bulthama reef had the highest coral cover (16.3%) and species richness (22 of the 23 species observed, 13 of which were exclusive to this site). All reefs for which recent and historical data are available show continued degradation, and it is unlikely that they will recover under continuing coastal development and projected climate change impacts.

AB - Historically coral reefs of Bahrain were among the most extensive in the southern basin of the Arabian Gulf. However, Bahrain's reefs have undergone significant decline in the last four decades as a result of large-scale coastal development and elevated sea surface temperature events. Here we quantitatively surveyed six sites including most major coral reef habitats around Bahrain and a reef located 72. km offshore. Fleshy and turf algae now dominate Bahrain's reefs (mean: 72% cover), and live coral cover is low (mean: 5.1%). Formerly dominant Acropora were not observed at any site. The offshore Bulthama reef had the highest coral cover (16.3%) and species richness (22 of the 23 species observed, 13 of which were exclusive to this site). All reefs for which recent and historical data are available show continued degradation, and it is unlikely that they will recover under continuing coastal development and projected climate change impacts.

KW - Bahrain

KW - Bleaching

KW - Coral

KW - Reclamation

KW - Recovery

KW - Reef

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84880332937&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84880332937&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.08.022

DO - 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.08.022

M3 - Article

VL - 72

SP - 357

EP - 363

JO - Marine Pollution Bulletin

JF - Marine Pollution Bulletin

SN - 0025-326X

IS - 2

ER -