The clustering of galaxies in the sdss-iii baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey

Baryon acoustic oscillations in the data release 9 spectroscopic galaxy sample

Lauren Anderson, Eric Aubourg, Stephen Bailey, Dmitry Bizyaev, Michael Blanton, Adam S. Bolton, J. Brinkmann, Joel R. Brownstein, Angela Burden, Antonio J. Cuesta, Luiz A N da Costa, Kyle S. Dawson, Roland de Putter, Daniel J. Eisenstein, James E. Gunn, Hong Guo, Jean Christophe Hamilton, Paul Harding, Shirley Ho, Klaus Honscheid & 57 others Eyal Kazin, David Kirkby, Jean Paul Kneib, Antoine Labatie, Craig Loomis, Robert H. Lupton, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, Rachel Mandelbaum, Marc Manera, Claudia Maraston, Cameron K. McBride, Kushal T. Mehta, Olga Mena, Francesco Montesano, Demetri Muna, Robert C. Nichol, Sebastián E. Nuza, Matthew D. Olmstead, Daniel Oravetz, Nikhil Padmanabhan, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Kaike Pan, John Parejko, Isabelle Pâris, Will J. Percival, Patrick Petitjean, Francisco Prada, Beth Reid, Natalie A. Roe, Ashley J. Ross, Nicholas P. Ross, Lado Samushia, Ariel G. Sánchez, David J. Schlegel, Donald P. Schneider, Claudia G. Scóccola, Hee Jong Seo, Erin S. Sheldon, Audrey Simmons, Ramin A. Skibba, Michael A. Strauss, Molly E C Swanson, Daniel Thomas, Jeremy L. Tinker, Rita Tojeiro, Mariana Vargas Magaña, Licia Verde, Christian Wagner, David A. Wake, Benjamin A. Weaver, David H. Weinberg, Martin White, Xiaoying Xu, Christophe Yèche, Idit Zehavi, Gong Bo Zhao

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We present measurements of galaxy clustering from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS), which is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III). These use the Data Release 9 (DR9) CMASS sample, which contains 264 283 massive galaxies covering 3275 square degrees with an effective redshift z = 0.57 and redshift range 0.43 < z < 0.7. Assuming a concordance λCDM cosmological model, this sample covers an effective volume of 2.2 Gpc3, and represents the largest sample of the Universe ever surveyed at this density, n̄ ~3 × 10-4 h-3 Mpc3. We measure the angle-averaged galaxy correlation function and power spectrum, including density-field reconstruction of the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) feature. The acoustic features are detected at a significance of 5σ in both the correlation function and power spectrum. Combining with the SDSS-II luminous red galaxy sample, the detection significance increases to 6.7σ. Fitting for the position of the acoustic features measures the distance to z = 0.57 relative to the sound horizon DV/rs = 13.67 ± 0.22 at z = 0.57. Assuming a fiducial sound horizon of 153.19 Mpc, which matches cosmic microwave background constraints, this corresponds to a distance DV (z = 0.57) = 2094 ± 34 Mpc. At 1.7 per cent, this is the most precise distance constraint ever obtained from a galaxy survey. We place this result alongside previous BAO measurements in a cosmological distance ladder and find excellent agreement with the current supernova measurements. We use these distance measurements to constrain various cosmological models, finding continuing support for a flat Universe with a cosmological constant.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)3435-3467
    Number of pages33
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Volume427
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 21 2012

    Fingerprint

    acoustic survey
    baryons
    acoustics
    oscillation
    galaxies
    oscillations
    horizon
    power spectra
    universe
    ladders
    supernovae
    coverings
    microwaves
    sound

    Keywords

    • Cosmological parameters
    • Cosmology: Observations
    • Dark energy
    • Distance scale
    • Large-scale structure of Universe

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Astronomy and Astrophysics

    Cite this

    The clustering of galaxies in the sdss-iii baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey : Baryon acoustic oscillations in the data release 9 spectroscopic galaxy sample. / Anderson, Lauren; Aubourg, Eric; Bailey, Stephen; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Blanton, Michael; Bolton, Adam S.; Brinkmann, J.; Brownstein, Joel R.; Burden, Angela; Cuesta, Antonio J.; da Costa, Luiz A N; Dawson, Kyle S.; de Putter, Roland; Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Gunn, James E.; Guo, Hong; Hamilton, Jean Christophe; Harding, Paul; Ho, Shirley; Honscheid, Klaus; Kazin, Eyal; Kirkby, David; Kneib, Jean Paul; Labatie, Antoine; Loomis, Craig; Lupton, Robert H.; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Mandelbaum, Rachel; Manera, Marc; Maraston, Claudia; McBride, Cameron K.; Mehta, Kushal T.; Mena, Olga; Montesano, Francesco; Muna, Demetri; Nichol, Robert C.; Nuza, Sebastián E.; Olmstead, Matthew D.; Oravetz, Daniel; Padmanabhan, Nikhil; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie; Pan, Kaike; Parejko, John; Pâris, Isabelle; Percival, Will J.; Petitjean, Patrick; Prada, Francisco; Reid, Beth; Roe, Natalie A.; Ross, Ashley J.; Ross, Nicholas P.; Samushia, Lado; Sánchez, Ariel G.; Schlegel, David J.; Schneider, Donald P.; Scóccola, Claudia G.; Seo, Hee Jong; Sheldon, Erin S.; Simmons, Audrey; Skibba, Ramin A.; Strauss, Michael A.; Swanson, Molly E C; Thomas, Daniel; Tinker, Jeremy L.; Tojeiro, Rita; Magaña, Mariana Vargas; Verde, Licia; Wagner, Christian; Wake, David A.; Weaver, Benjamin A.; Weinberg, David H.; White, Martin; Xu, Xiaoying; Yèche, Christophe; Zehavi, Idit; Zhao, Gong Bo.

    In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 427, No. 4, 21.12.2012, p. 3435-3467.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Anderson, L, Aubourg, E, Bailey, S, Bizyaev, D, Blanton, M, Bolton, AS, Brinkmann, J, Brownstein, JR, Burden, A, Cuesta, AJ, da Costa, LAN, Dawson, KS, de Putter, R, Eisenstein, DJ, Gunn, JE, Guo, H, Hamilton, JC, Harding, P, Ho, S, Honscheid, K, Kazin, E, Kirkby, D, Kneib, JP, Labatie, A, Loomis, C, Lupton, RH, Malanushenko, E, Malanushenko, V, Mandelbaum, R, Manera, M, Maraston, C, McBride, CK, Mehta, KT, Mena, O, Montesano, F, Muna, D, Nichol, RC, Nuza, SE, Olmstead, MD, Oravetz, D, Padmanabhan, N, Palanque-Delabrouille, N, Pan, K, Parejko, J, Pâris, I, Percival, WJ, Petitjean, P, Prada, F, Reid, B, Roe, NA, Ross, AJ, Ross, NP, Samushia, L, Sánchez, AG, Schlegel, DJ, Schneider, DP, Scóccola, CG, Seo, HJ, Sheldon, ES, Simmons, A, Skibba, RA, Strauss, MA, Swanson, MEC, Thomas, D, Tinker, JL, Tojeiro, R, Magaña, MV, Verde, L, Wagner, C, Wake, DA, Weaver, BA, Weinberg, DH, White, M, Xu, X, Yèche, C, Zehavi, I & Zhao, GB 2012, 'The clustering of galaxies in the sdss-iii baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey: Baryon acoustic oscillations in the data release 9 spectroscopic galaxy sample', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 427, no. 4, pp. 3435-3467. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.22066
    Anderson, Lauren ; Aubourg, Eric ; Bailey, Stephen ; Bizyaev, Dmitry ; Blanton, Michael ; Bolton, Adam S. ; Brinkmann, J. ; Brownstein, Joel R. ; Burden, Angela ; Cuesta, Antonio J. ; da Costa, Luiz A N ; Dawson, Kyle S. ; de Putter, Roland ; Eisenstein, Daniel J. ; Gunn, James E. ; Guo, Hong ; Hamilton, Jean Christophe ; Harding, Paul ; Ho, Shirley ; Honscheid, Klaus ; Kazin, Eyal ; Kirkby, David ; Kneib, Jean Paul ; Labatie, Antoine ; Loomis, Craig ; Lupton, Robert H. ; Malanushenko, Elena ; Malanushenko, Viktor ; Mandelbaum, Rachel ; Manera, Marc ; Maraston, Claudia ; McBride, Cameron K. ; Mehta, Kushal T. ; Mena, Olga ; Montesano, Francesco ; Muna, Demetri ; Nichol, Robert C. ; Nuza, Sebastián E. ; Olmstead, Matthew D. ; Oravetz, Daniel ; Padmanabhan, Nikhil ; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie ; Pan, Kaike ; Parejko, John ; Pâris, Isabelle ; Percival, Will J. ; Petitjean, Patrick ; Prada, Francisco ; Reid, Beth ; Roe, Natalie A. ; Ross, Ashley J. ; Ross, Nicholas P. ; Samushia, Lado ; Sánchez, Ariel G. ; Schlegel, David J. ; Schneider, Donald P. ; Scóccola, Claudia G. ; Seo, Hee Jong ; Sheldon, Erin S. ; Simmons, Audrey ; Skibba, Ramin A. ; Strauss, Michael A. ; Swanson, Molly E C ; Thomas, Daniel ; Tinker, Jeremy L. ; Tojeiro, Rita ; Magaña, Mariana Vargas ; Verde, Licia ; Wagner, Christian ; Wake, David A. ; Weaver, Benjamin A. ; Weinberg, David H. ; White, Martin ; Xu, Xiaoying ; Yèche, Christophe ; Zehavi, Idit ; Zhao, Gong Bo. / The clustering of galaxies in the sdss-iii baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey : Baryon acoustic oscillations in the data release 9 spectroscopic galaxy sample. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2012 ; Vol. 427, No. 4. pp. 3435-3467.
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    title = "The clustering of galaxies in the sdss-iii baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey: Baryon acoustic oscillations in the data release 9 spectroscopic galaxy sample",
    abstract = "We present measurements of galaxy clustering from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS), which is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III). These use the Data Release 9 (DR9) CMASS sample, which contains 264 283 massive galaxies covering 3275 square degrees with an effective redshift z = 0.57 and redshift range 0.43 < z < 0.7. Assuming a concordance λCDM cosmological model, this sample covers an effective volume of 2.2 Gpc3, and represents the largest sample of the Universe ever surveyed at this density, n̄ ~3 × 10-4 h-3 Mpc3. We measure the angle-averaged galaxy correlation function and power spectrum, including density-field reconstruction of the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) feature. The acoustic features are detected at a significance of 5σ in both the correlation function and power spectrum. Combining with the SDSS-II luminous red galaxy sample, the detection significance increases to 6.7σ. Fitting for the position of the acoustic features measures the distance to z = 0.57 relative to the sound horizon DV/rs = 13.67 ± 0.22 at z = 0.57. Assuming a fiducial sound horizon of 153.19 Mpc, which matches cosmic microwave background constraints, this corresponds to a distance DV (z = 0.57) = 2094 ± 34 Mpc. At 1.7 per cent, this is the most precise distance constraint ever obtained from a galaxy survey. We place this result alongside previous BAO measurements in a cosmological distance ladder and find excellent agreement with the current supernova measurements. We use these distance measurements to constrain various cosmological models, finding continuing support for a flat Universe with a cosmological constant.",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The clustering of galaxies in the sdss-iii baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey

    T2 - Baryon acoustic oscillations in the data release 9 spectroscopic galaxy sample

    AU - Anderson, Lauren

    AU - Aubourg, Eric

    AU - Bailey, Stephen

    AU - Bizyaev, Dmitry

    AU - Blanton, Michael

    AU - Bolton, Adam S.

    AU - Brinkmann, J.

    AU - Brownstein, Joel R.

    AU - Burden, Angela

    AU - Cuesta, Antonio J.

    AU - da Costa, Luiz A N

    AU - Dawson, Kyle S.

    AU - de Putter, Roland

    AU - Eisenstein, Daniel J.

    AU - Gunn, James E.

    AU - Guo, Hong

    AU - Hamilton, Jean Christophe

    AU - Harding, Paul

    AU - Ho, Shirley

    AU - Honscheid, Klaus

    AU - Kazin, Eyal

    AU - Kirkby, David

    AU - Kneib, Jean Paul

    AU - Labatie, Antoine

    AU - Loomis, Craig

    AU - Lupton, Robert H.

    AU - Malanushenko, Elena

    AU - Malanushenko, Viktor

    AU - Mandelbaum, Rachel

    AU - Manera, Marc

    AU - Maraston, Claudia

    AU - McBride, Cameron K.

    AU - Mehta, Kushal T.

    AU - Mena, Olga

    AU - Montesano, Francesco

    AU - Muna, Demetri

    AU - Nichol, Robert C.

    AU - Nuza, Sebastián E.

    AU - Olmstead, Matthew D.

    AU - Oravetz, Daniel

    AU - Padmanabhan, Nikhil

    AU - Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie

    AU - Pan, Kaike

    AU - Parejko, John

    AU - Pâris, Isabelle

    AU - Percival, Will J.

    AU - Petitjean, Patrick

    AU - Prada, Francisco

    AU - Reid, Beth

    AU - Roe, Natalie A.

    AU - Ross, Ashley J.

    AU - Ross, Nicholas P.

    AU - Samushia, Lado

    AU - Sánchez, Ariel G.

    AU - Schlegel, David J.

    AU - Schneider, Donald P.

    AU - Scóccola, Claudia G.

    AU - Seo, Hee Jong

    AU - Sheldon, Erin S.

    AU - Simmons, Audrey

    AU - Skibba, Ramin A.

    AU - Strauss, Michael A.

    AU - Swanson, Molly E C

    AU - Thomas, Daniel

    AU - Tinker, Jeremy L.

    AU - Tojeiro, Rita

    AU - Magaña, Mariana Vargas

    AU - Verde, Licia

    AU - Wagner, Christian

    AU - Wake, David A.

    AU - Weaver, Benjamin A.

    AU - Weinberg, David H.

    AU - White, Martin

    AU - Xu, Xiaoying

    AU - Yèche, Christophe

    AU - Zehavi, Idit

    AU - Zhao, Gong Bo

    PY - 2012/12/21

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    N2 - We present measurements of galaxy clustering from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS), which is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III). These use the Data Release 9 (DR9) CMASS sample, which contains 264 283 massive galaxies covering 3275 square degrees with an effective redshift z = 0.57 and redshift range 0.43 < z < 0.7. Assuming a concordance λCDM cosmological model, this sample covers an effective volume of 2.2 Gpc3, and represents the largest sample of the Universe ever surveyed at this density, n̄ ~3 × 10-4 h-3 Mpc3. We measure the angle-averaged galaxy correlation function and power spectrum, including density-field reconstruction of the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) feature. The acoustic features are detected at a significance of 5σ in both the correlation function and power spectrum. Combining with the SDSS-II luminous red galaxy sample, the detection significance increases to 6.7σ. Fitting for the position of the acoustic features measures the distance to z = 0.57 relative to the sound horizon DV/rs = 13.67 ± 0.22 at z = 0.57. Assuming a fiducial sound horizon of 153.19 Mpc, which matches cosmic microwave background constraints, this corresponds to a distance DV (z = 0.57) = 2094 ± 34 Mpc. At 1.7 per cent, this is the most precise distance constraint ever obtained from a galaxy survey. We place this result alongside previous BAO measurements in a cosmological distance ladder and find excellent agreement with the current supernova measurements. We use these distance measurements to constrain various cosmological models, finding continuing support for a flat Universe with a cosmological constant.

    AB - We present measurements of galaxy clustering from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS), which is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III). These use the Data Release 9 (DR9) CMASS sample, which contains 264 283 massive galaxies covering 3275 square degrees with an effective redshift z = 0.57 and redshift range 0.43 < z < 0.7. Assuming a concordance λCDM cosmological model, this sample covers an effective volume of 2.2 Gpc3, and represents the largest sample of the Universe ever surveyed at this density, n̄ ~3 × 10-4 h-3 Mpc3. We measure the angle-averaged galaxy correlation function and power spectrum, including density-field reconstruction of the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) feature. The acoustic features are detected at a significance of 5σ in both the correlation function and power spectrum. Combining with the SDSS-II luminous red galaxy sample, the detection significance increases to 6.7σ. Fitting for the position of the acoustic features measures the distance to z = 0.57 relative to the sound horizon DV/rs = 13.67 ± 0.22 at z = 0.57. Assuming a fiducial sound horizon of 153.19 Mpc, which matches cosmic microwave background constraints, this corresponds to a distance DV (z = 0.57) = 2094 ± 34 Mpc. At 1.7 per cent, this is the most precise distance constraint ever obtained from a galaxy survey. We place this result alongside previous BAO measurements in a cosmological distance ladder and find excellent agreement with the current supernova measurements. We use these distance measurements to constrain various cosmological models, finding continuing support for a flat Universe with a cosmological constant.

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    KW - Cosmology: Observations

    KW - Dark energy

    KW - Distance scale

    KW - Large-scale structure of Universe

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