The changing dynamics of coral reef science in Arabia

Grace O. Vaughan, John Burt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Six percent of the world's coral reefs occur around the Arabian Peninsula, providing a valuable ecological, economic and scientific resource for the nations bordering its shores. We provide the first region-wide assessment of the current status and historical trends in coral reef research, focusing on research in the Red Sea, Arabian Sea, and Arabian Gulf. In total, 633 regional reef publications have been produced since the 1930s, covering a wide variety of themes and taxa. Our results show a great deal of commonality in regional reef research, but also highlight important differences in research among the various seas as well as knowledge gaps that represent opportunities for future research. A regionally-integrated approach to future research is essential. There is a growing need for large-scale research to guide management of reefs and their stressors, as these operate at much larger scales than the national borders within which most research currently occurs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-458
Number of pages18
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 30 2016



  • Arabian Gulf
  • Arabian Sea
  • Conservation
  • Management
  • Middle East
  • Red Sea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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