The Burden of Depression in New York City Adults: Results from the 2013–14 NYC Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Kelsey L. Kepler, Sharon E. Perlman, Claudia Chernov, Lorna E. Thorpe, Jennifer Hoenig, Christina Norman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Depression is responsible for a large burden of disability in the USA. We estimated the prevalence of depression in the New York City (NYC) adult population in 2013–14 and examined associations with demographics, health behaviors, and employment status. Data from the 2013–14 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a population-based examination study, were analyzed, and 1459 participants met the inclusion criteria for this analysis. We defined current symptomatic depression by a Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) score ≥ 10. Overall, 8.3% of NYC adults had current symptomatic depression. New Yorkers with current symptomatic depression were significantly more likely to be female, Latino, and unemployed yet not looking for work; they were also significantly more likely to have less than a high school education and to live in a high-poverty neighborhood. Socioeconomic inequalities in mental health persist in NYC and highlight the need for better diagnosis and treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)832-836
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Volume95
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2018

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Keywords

  • Depression
  • Epidemiology
  • New York City
  • PHQ-9
  • Survey
  • Urban health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Urban Studies
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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