The bright side of positive perceptual bias: Children's estimations of network centrality and aggression

Jennifer Watling Neal, Elise Cappella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study explores whether findings linking positive perceptual bias to childhood aggression extend to perceptual bias in network centrality. We present data from nested regression models that examine associations between perceptual bias in network centrality and aggressive behavior in a sample of 421 urban African American second through fourth grade students. Children who overestimated their network centrality compared to peer-reports were less likely to be nominated by peers as overtly or relationally aggressive. Results run counter to threatened egotism theory, and instead support a resource control theory explanation of perceptual bias and aggression. Specifically, aggressive children may strategically limit the number of peers they report "hanging out with" to maintain social status within their peer group. Findings imply that not all forms of positive perceptual bias have a "dark side".

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-151
Number of pages12
JournalAggressive Behavior
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Fingerprint

Aggression
Peer Group
African Americans
Students
Centrality
Peers

Keywords

  • Children
  • Network centrality
  • Overt aggression
  • Perceptual bias
  • Relational aggression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

The bright side of positive perceptual bias : Children's estimations of network centrality and aggression. / Neal, Jennifer Watling; Cappella, Elise.

In: Aggressive Behavior, Vol. 40, No. 2, 03.2014, p. 140-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a2421503bd724a11a8c6f09adbc5b90c,
title = "The bright side of positive perceptual bias: Children's estimations of network centrality and aggression",
abstract = "This study explores whether findings linking positive perceptual bias to childhood aggression extend to perceptual bias in network centrality. We present data from nested regression models that examine associations between perceptual bias in network centrality and aggressive behavior in a sample of 421 urban African American second through fourth grade students. Children who overestimated their network centrality compared to peer-reports were less likely to be nominated by peers as overtly or relationally aggressive. Results run counter to threatened egotism theory, and instead support a resource control theory explanation of perceptual bias and aggression. Specifically, aggressive children may strategically limit the number of peers they report {"}hanging out with{"} to maintain social status within their peer group. Findings imply that not all forms of positive perceptual bias have a {"}dark side{"}.",
keywords = "Children, Network centrality, Overt aggression, Perceptual bias, Relational aggression",
author = "Neal, {Jennifer Watling} and Elise Cappella",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1002/ab.21511",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "40",
pages = "140--151",
journal = "Aggressive Behavior",
issn = "0096-140X",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The bright side of positive perceptual bias

T2 - Children's estimations of network centrality and aggression

AU - Neal, Jennifer Watling

AU - Cappella, Elise

PY - 2014/3

Y1 - 2014/3

N2 - This study explores whether findings linking positive perceptual bias to childhood aggression extend to perceptual bias in network centrality. We present data from nested regression models that examine associations between perceptual bias in network centrality and aggressive behavior in a sample of 421 urban African American second through fourth grade students. Children who overestimated their network centrality compared to peer-reports were less likely to be nominated by peers as overtly or relationally aggressive. Results run counter to threatened egotism theory, and instead support a resource control theory explanation of perceptual bias and aggression. Specifically, aggressive children may strategically limit the number of peers they report "hanging out with" to maintain social status within their peer group. Findings imply that not all forms of positive perceptual bias have a "dark side".

AB - This study explores whether findings linking positive perceptual bias to childhood aggression extend to perceptual bias in network centrality. We present data from nested regression models that examine associations between perceptual bias in network centrality and aggressive behavior in a sample of 421 urban African American second through fourth grade students. Children who overestimated their network centrality compared to peer-reports were less likely to be nominated by peers as overtly or relationally aggressive. Results run counter to threatened egotism theory, and instead support a resource control theory explanation of perceptual bias and aggression. Specifically, aggressive children may strategically limit the number of peers they report "hanging out with" to maintain social status within their peer group. Findings imply that not all forms of positive perceptual bias have a "dark side".

KW - Children

KW - Network centrality

KW - Overt aggression

KW - Perceptual bias

KW - Relational aggression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84894909006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84894909006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ab.21511

DO - 10.1002/ab.21511

M3 - Article

C2 - 24273013

AN - SCOPUS:84894909006

VL - 40

SP - 140

EP - 151

JO - Aggressive Behavior

JF - Aggressive Behavior

SN - 0096-140X

IS - 2

ER -