The association between sickle cell disease and dental caries in African Americans

Brian Laurence, David George, Dexter Woods, Adeyemisi Shosanya, Ralph Katz, Sophie Lanzkron, Marie Diener-West, Neil Powe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study sought to determine whether there was an association between sickle cell disease (SCD) and dental caries in African-American adults. A sample of 102 African-American adult patients with SCD from Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, Maryland, were matched to 103 African-American adult subjects, who did not have SCD. The match was by age, gender and recruitment location. Each subject underwent a standardized oral examination as well as an interview to ascertain risk factors for dental caries. For individuals with incomes of less than $15,000, subjects with SCD had more decayed (10.36 versus 1.58) and fewer filled (2.86 versus 8.45) surfaces compared to subjects without SCD with both differences being statistically significant (p<0.05) after adjusting for age and gender. The results suggest that low-income African Americans with SCD may be at increased risk for dental caries and are less likely to receive treatment with a restoration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-100
Number of pages6
JournalSpecial Care in Dentistry
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2006

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Dental Caries
Sickle Cell Anemia
African Americans
Oral Diagnosis
Baltimore
Interviews

Keywords

  • Dental caries
  • Retrospective studies
  • Risk factors
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Teeth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

The association between sickle cell disease and dental caries in African Americans. / Laurence, Brian; George, David; Woods, Dexter; Shosanya, Adeyemisi; Katz, Ralph; Lanzkron, Sophie; Diener-West, Marie; Powe, Neil.

In: Special Care in Dentistry, Vol. 26, No. 3, 05.2006, p. 95-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laurence, B, George, D, Woods, D, Shosanya, A, Katz, R, Lanzkron, S, Diener-West, M & Powe, N 2006, 'The association between sickle cell disease and dental caries in African Americans', Special Care in Dentistry, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 95-100. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-4505.2006.tb01430.x
Laurence, Brian ; George, David ; Woods, Dexter ; Shosanya, Adeyemisi ; Katz, Ralph ; Lanzkron, Sophie ; Diener-West, Marie ; Powe, Neil. / The association between sickle cell disease and dental caries in African Americans. In: Special Care in Dentistry. 2006 ; Vol. 26, No. 3. pp. 95-100.
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