The "Antidemocratic Personality" Revisited

A Cross-National Investigation of Working-Class Authoritarianism

John T. Jost, Jaime L. Napier

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

More than 60 years ago, psychologists identified a potential threat to democracy from within, namely the "antidemocratic personality" arising from the "authoritarian syndrome. " It was soon discovered that the problem of authoritarianism was especially acute among those who were low in education and income, and that it was associated with intolerance toward others. However, several important questions were left unresolved. We revisit fundamental theoretical and empirical questions concerning the existence and nature of "working-class authoritarianism, " focusing especially on four psychological aspects of authoritarianism, namely, conventionalism, moral absolutism, obedience to authority, and cynicism. In a cross-national investigation involving respondents from 19 democratic countries, we find that all four aspects of authoritarianism are indeed related to moral and ethnic intolerance. However, only obedience to authority and cynicism are especially prevalent among those who are low in socioeconomic status. Conventionalism and moral absolutism were significant predictors of economic conservatism, whereas obedience to authority and cynicism were not. We find no support for Upset's (1960) claim that working-class authoritarianism would be associated with economic liberalism. Instead, we find that authoritarianism is linked to right-wing orientation in general and that intolerance mediates this relationship. Implications for electoral politics and political psychology are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDemocracy and Disenfranchisement
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd.
Pages595-617
Number of pages23
Volume64
ISBN (Print)9781405191265
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 21 2009

Fingerprint

authoritarianism
working class
personality
obedience
conventionalism
absolutism
tolerance
economic liberalism
political psychology
conservatism
psychologist
social status
threat
democracy
income
politics
economics
education

Keywords

  • Is Authoritarianism Related to Political Orientation?
  • Is Working-Class Authoritarianism Associated with Economic Liberalism?
  • Method
  • Overview and Aims of This Research
  • Psychological Aspects of the Authoritarian Syndrome
  • Results
  • The Antidemocratic Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Jost, J. T., & Napier, J. L. (2009). The "Antidemocratic Personality" Revisited: A Cross-National Investigation of Working-Class Authoritarianism. In Democracy and Disenfranchisement (Vol. 64, pp. 595-617). Blackwell Publishing Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444307337.ch9

The "Antidemocratic Personality" Revisited : A Cross-National Investigation of Working-Class Authoritarianism. / Jost, John T.; Napier, Jaime L.

Democracy and Disenfranchisement. Vol. 64 Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2009. p. 595-617.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Jost, JT & Napier, JL 2009, The "Antidemocratic Personality" Revisited: A Cross-National Investigation of Working-Class Authoritarianism. in Democracy and Disenfranchisement. vol. 64, Blackwell Publishing Ltd., pp. 595-617. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444307337.ch9
Jost JT, Napier JL. The "Antidemocratic Personality" Revisited: A Cross-National Investigation of Working-Class Authoritarianism. In Democracy and Disenfranchisement. Vol. 64. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2009. p. 595-617 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444307337.ch9
Jost, John T. ; Napier, Jaime L. / The "Antidemocratic Personality" Revisited : A Cross-National Investigation of Working-Class Authoritarianism. Democracy and Disenfranchisement. Vol. 64 Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2009. pp. 595-617
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