The affinity of the dental remains from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan

Shara Bailey, Michelle Glantz, Timothy D. Weaver, Bence Viola

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    A human partial maxillary dentition and a fragmentary cranium were recovered from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto in northeastern Uzbekistan in 2003. Initial descriptions of this single juvenile (OR-1) from a Middle Paleolithic archaeological context have emphasized its mosaic morphological pattern; the dentition appears archaic, while certain morphological aspects of the cranial fragments may be more ambiguous. The present study provides a systematic and comparative analysis of the dental morphology and morphometrics of OR-1 to provide a more refined appraisal of its phenetic affinity vis á vis Neandertals and modern humans. Two analyses were performed. The first uses 28 non-metric dental traits scored from Neandertals, Upper Paleolithic, and Middle Paleolithic modern humans to assess the posterior probability of group membership for the Obi-Rakhmat individual. The second is a morphometric analysis of the first upper molar of OR-1. The results of both analyses suggest the dentition of OR-1 is essentially Neandertal.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)238-248
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Human Evolution
    Volume55
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2008

    Fingerprint

    Uzbekistan
    dentition
    Paleolithic
    teeth
    group membership
    cranium
    Affinity
    Dentition
    Neandertals
    analysis
    Modern Humans
    Morphometrics
    Middle Palaeolithic

    Keywords

    • Central Asia
    • Dental morphology
    • Dental morphometrics
    • Modern humans
    • Neandertals
    • Upper first molar

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
    • Education
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    The affinity of the dental remains from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan. / Bailey, Shara; Glantz, Michelle; Weaver, Timothy D.; Viola, Bence.

    In: Journal of Human Evolution, Vol. 55, No. 2, 2008, p. 238-248.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Bailey, Shara ; Glantz, Michelle ; Weaver, Timothy D. ; Viola, Bence. / The affinity of the dental remains from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan. In: Journal of Human Evolution. 2008 ; Vol. 55, No. 2. pp. 238-248.
    @article{d7cc7f010b4a4f8186aaa44467f7e787,
    title = "The affinity of the dental remains from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan",
    abstract = "A human partial maxillary dentition and a fragmentary cranium were recovered from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto in northeastern Uzbekistan in 2003. Initial descriptions of this single juvenile (OR-1) from a Middle Paleolithic archaeological context have emphasized its mosaic morphological pattern; the dentition appears archaic, while certain morphological aspects of the cranial fragments may be more ambiguous. The present study provides a systematic and comparative analysis of the dental morphology and morphometrics of OR-1 to provide a more refined appraisal of its phenetic affinity vis {\'a} vis Neandertals and modern humans. Two analyses were performed. The first uses 28 non-metric dental traits scored from Neandertals, Upper Paleolithic, and Middle Paleolithic modern humans to assess the posterior probability of group membership for the Obi-Rakhmat individual. The second is a morphometric analysis of the first upper molar of OR-1. The results of both analyses suggest the dentition of OR-1 is essentially Neandertal.",
    keywords = "Central Asia, Dental morphology, Dental morphometrics, Modern humans, Neandertals, Upper first molar",
    author = "Shara Bailey and Michelle Glantz and Weaver, {Timothy D.} and Bence Viola",
    year = "2008",
    doi = "10.1016/j.jhevol.2008.03.004",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "55",
    pages = "238--248",
    journal = "Journal of Human Evolution",
    issn = "0047-2484",
    publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
    number = "2",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The affinity of the dental remains from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan

    AU - Bailey, Shara

    AU - Glantz, Michelle

    AU - Weaver, Timothy D.

    AU - Viola, Bence

    PY - 2008

    Y1 - 2008

    N2 - A human partial maxillary dentition and a fragmentary cranium were recovered from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto in northeastern Uzbekistan in 2003. Initial descriptions of this single juvenile (OR-1) from a Middle Paleolithic archaeological context have emphasized its mosaic morphological pattern; the dentition appears archaic, while certain morphological aspects of the cranial fragments may be more ambiguous. The present study provides a systematic and comparative analysis of the dental morphology and morphometrics of OR-1 to provide a more refined appraisal of its phenetic affinity vis á vis Neandertals and modern humans. Two analyses were performed. The first uses 28 non-metric dental traits scored from Neandertals, Upper Paleolithic, and Middle Paleolithic modern humans to assess the posterior probability of group membership for the Obi-Rakhmat individual. The second is a morphometric analysis of the first upper molar of OR-1. The results of both analyses suggest the dentition of OR-1 is essentially Neandertal.

    AB - A human partial maxillary dentition and a fragmentary cranium were recovered from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto in northeastern Uzbekistan in 2003. Initial descriptions of this single juvenile (OR-1) from a Middle Paleolithic archaeological context have emphasized its mosaic morphological pattern; the dentition appears archaic, while certain morphological aspects of the cranial fragments may be more ambiguous. The present study provides a systematic and comparative analysis of the dental morphology and morphometrics of OR-1 to provide a more refined appraisal of its phenetic affinity vis á vis Neandertals and modern humans. Two analyses were performed. The first uses 28 non-metric dental traits scored from Neandertals, Upper Paleolithic, and Middle Paleolithic modern humans to assess the posterior probability of group membership for the Obi-Rakhmat individual. The second is a morphometric analysis of the first upper molar of OR-1. The results of both analyses suggest the dentition of OR-1 is essentially Neandertal.

    KW - Central Asia

    KW - Dental morphology

    KW - Dental morphometrics

    KW - Modern humans

    KW - Neandertals

    KW - Upper first molar

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=48349124304&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=48349124304&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.jhevol.2008.03.004

    DO - 10.1016/j.jhevol.2008.03.004

    M3 - Article

    VL - 55

    SP - 238

    EP - 248

    JO - Journal of Human Evolution

    JF - Journal of Human Evolution

    SN - 0047-2484

    IS - 2

    ER -