THE 2015 DECAY of the BLACK HOLE X-RAY BINARY V404 CYGNI

ROBUST DISK-JET COUPLING and A SHARP TRANSITION into QUIESCENCE

R. M. Plotkin, J. C.A. Miller-Jones, E. Gallo, P. G. Jonker, J. Homan, J. A. Tomsick, P. Kaaret, Dave Russell, S. Heinz, E. J. Hodges-Kluck, S. Markoff, G. R. Sivakoff, D. Altamirano, J. Neilsen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We present simultaneous X-ray and radio observations of the black hole X-ray binary V404 Cygni at the end of its 2015 outburst. From 2015 July 11-August 5, we monitored V404 Cygni with Chandra, Swift, and NuSTAR in the X-ray, and with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array and the Very Long Baseline Array in the radio, spanning a range of luminosities that were poorly covered during its previous outburst in 1989 (our 2015 campaign covers ). During our 2015 campaign, the X-ray spectrum evolved rapidly from a hard photon index of Γ ≈ 1.6 (at LX ≈ 10 erg s-34 1) to a softer G ≈ 2 (at L ≈ 3 � 10 erg s- X 33 1). We argue that V404 Cygni reaching marks the beginning of the quiescent spectral state, which occurs at a factor of ≈3-4 higher X-ray luminosity than the average pre-outburst luminosity of . V404 Cygni falls along the same radio/X-ray luminosity correlation that it followed during its previous outburst in 1989, implying a robust disk-jet coupling. We exclude the possibility that a synchrotron-cooled jet dominates the X-ray emission in quiescence, leaving synchrotron self-Compton from either a hot accretion flow or from a radiatively cooled jet as the most likely sources of X-ray radiation, and/or particle acceleration along the jet becoming less efficient in quiescence. Finally, we present the first indications of correlated radio and X-ray variability on minute timescales in quiescence, tentatively measuring the radio emission to lag the X-ray by 15 � 4minute, suggestive of X-ray variations propagating down a jet with a length of <3.0 au.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number104
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume834
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 10 2017

    Fingerprint

    x ray binaries
    x rays
    outburst
    radio
    luminosity
    erg
    synchrotrons
    Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA)
    Very Large Array (VLA)
    radio observation
    particle acceleration
    radio emission

    Keywords

    • accretion, accretion disks
    • stars: black holes
    • stars: individual (V404 Cygni)
    • X-rays: binaries

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Plotkin, R. M., Miller-Jones, J. C. A., Gallo, E., Jonker, P. G., Homan, J., Tomsick, J. A., ... Neilsen, J. (2017). THE 2015 DECAY of the BLACK HOLE X-RAY BINARY V404 CYGNI: ROBUST DISK-JET COUPLING and A SHARP TRANSITION into QUIESCENCE. Astrophysical Journal, 834(2), [104]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/834/2/104

    THE 2015 DECAY of the BLACK HOLE X-RAY BINARY V404 CYGNI : ROBUST DISK-JET COUPLING and A SHARP TRANSITION into QUIESCENCE. / Plotkin, R. M.; Miller-Jones, J. C.A.; Gallo, E.; Jonker, P. G.; Homan, J.; Tomsick, J. A.; Kaaret, P.; Russell, Dave; Heinz, S.; Hodges-Kluck, E. J.; Markoff, S.; Sivakoff, G. R.; Altamirano, D.; Neilsen, J.

    In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 834, No. 2, 104, 10.01.2017.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Plotkin, RM, Miller-Jones, JCA, Gallo, E, Jonker, PG, Homan, J, Tomsick, JA, Kaaret, P, Russell, D, Heinz, S, Hodges-Kluck, EJ, Markoff, S, Sivakoff, GR, Altamirano, D & Neilsen, J 2017, 'THE 2015 DECAY of the BLACK HOLE X-RAY BINARY V404 CYGNI: ROBUST DISK-JET COUPLING and A SHARP TRANSITION into QUIESCENCE', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 834, no. 2, 104. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/834/2/104
    Plotkin, R. M. ; Miller-Jones, J. C.A. ; Gallo, E. ; Jonker, P. G. ; Homan, J. ; Tomsick, J. A. ; Kaaret, P. ; Russell, Dave ; Heinz, S. ; Hodges-Kluck, E. J. ; Markoff, S. ; Sivakoff, G. R. ; Altamirano, D. ; Neilsen, J. / THE 2015 DECAY of the BLACK HOLE X-RAY BINARY V404 CYGNI : ROBUST DISK-JET COUPLING and A SHARP TRANSITION into QUIESCENCE. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 834, No. 2.
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    AU - Miller-Jones, J. C.A.

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    AU - Jonker, P. G.

    AU - Homan, J.

    AU - Tomsick, J. A.

    AU - Kaaret, P.

    AU - Russell, Dave

    AU - Heinz, S.

    AU - Hodges-Kluck, E. J.

    AU - Markoff, S.

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    KW - X-rays: binaries

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