TGF-β1 stimulation of fibronectin transcription in cultured human lung fibroblasts requires active geranylgeranyl transferase I, phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C, protein kinase C-δ, and p38, but not erk1/erk2

Umberto Kucich, Joan C. Rosenbloom, Gloria Shen, William R. Abrams, Andrew D. Hamilton, Saïd M. Sebti, Joel Rosenbloom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The cytokine transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) has multiple effects on a variety of cell types, modulating cell growth and differentiation as well as extracellular matrix deposition and degradation. In the present work, we demonstrate that TGF-β1 produces a fourfold increase in transcription of the fibronectin gene in cultured human fetal lung fibroblasts with only a small increase in mRNA stability resulting in a significant increase in fibronectin mRNA steady state level. A corresponding increase in production of fibronectin protein accompanied the increase in mRNA. Through the use of specific inhibitors, we demonstrate that geranylgeranylated, but not farnesylated or acylated protein(s), protein kinase C-δ, phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipse C, tyrosine kinase activity, and stress-activated protein kinase p38 are required for this TGF-β1 effect. Trimeric G proteins and mitogen-activated protein kinases erk1 and erk2 do not appear to be involved. While these results emphasize the complexities involved in the control of extracellular matrix synthesis by TGF-β, they also identify reaction sites that may be amenable to pharmacologic modulation. Such modulation could be of great advantage in the treatment of a wide variety of undesirable fibrotic reactions. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-324
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume374
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2000

Keywords

  • Fibronectin
  • PKC-δ
  • Prenylation
  • Signalling
  • TGF-β
  • p38

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'TGF-β1 stimulation of fibronectin transcription in cultured human lung fibroblasts requires active geranylgeranyl transferase I, phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C, protein kinase C-δ, and p38, but not erk1/erk2'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this