Testing the jet quenching paradigm with an ultradeep observation of a steadily soft state black hole

Dave Russell, J. C.A. Miller-Jones, T. J. MacCarone, Y. J. Yang, R. P. Fender, F. Lewis

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We present ultradeep radio observations with the Expanded Very Large Array of 4U 1957+11, a Galactic black hole (BH) candidate X-ray binary known to exist in a persistent soft X-ray state. We derive a stringent upper limit of 11.4 μJy beam-1 (3σ) at 5-7 GHz, which provides the most rigorous upper limit to date on the presence of jets in a soft state BH X-ray binary (BHXB). X-ray, UV, and optical fluxes obtained within a few weeks of the radio data can be explained by thermal emission from the disk. At this X-ray luminosity, a hard state BHXB that follows the established empirical radio-X-ray correlation would be at least 330-810 times brighter at radio frequencies, depending on the distance to 4U 1957+11. This jet quenching of >2.5 orders of magnitude is greater than some models predict and implies that the jets are prevented from being launched altogether in the soft state. 4U 1957+11 is also more than one order of magnitude fainter than the faintest of the "radio-quiet" population of hard state BHs. In addition, we show that, on average, soft state stellar-mass BHs probably have fainter jets than most active galactic nuclei in a state equivalent to the soft state. These results have implications for the conditions required for powerful, relativistic jets to form and provide a new empirical constraint for time- and accretion mode-dependent jet models, furthering our understanding of jet production and accretion onto BHs.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numberL19
    JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
    Volume739
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 20 2011

    Fingerprint

    quenching
    radio
    x rays
    accretion
    Very Large Array (VLA)
    radio observation
    thermal emission
    stellar mass
    active galactic nuclei
    radio frequencies
    luminosity

    Keywords

    • accretion, accretion disks
    • black hole physics
    • radio continuum: stars
    • stars: individual (4U 1957+11)
    • X-rays: binaries

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Russell, D., Miller-Jones, J. C. A., MacCarone, T. J., Yang, Y. J., Fender, R. P., & Lewis, F. (2011). Testing the jet quenching paradigm with an ultradeep observation of a steadily soft state black hole. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 739(1), [L19]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/739/1/L19

    Testing the jet quenching paradigm with an ultradeep observation of a steadily soft state black hole. / Russell, Dave; Miller-Jones, J. C.A.; MacCarone, T. J.; Yang, Y. J.; Fender, R. P.; Lewis, F.

    In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 739, No. 1, L19, 20.09.2011.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Russell, Dave ; Miller-Jones, J. C.A. ; MacCarone, T. J. ; Yang, Y. J. ; Fender, R. P. ; Lewis, F. / Testing the jet quenching paradigm with an ultradeep observation of a steadily soft state black hole. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2011 ; Vol. 739, No. 1.
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