Testing for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases: Implications for risk behavior in women

Tracey E. Wilson, Ruth Andrea Levinson, James Jaccard, Howard Minkoff, Robert Endias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A sample of 808 nonpregnant women residing in an area of high prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) was studied with respect to sexual risk behaviors in the 4-month period before and after testing for a series of STDs. All women were tested for both Chlamydia trachomatis and Trichomonas vaginalis and were given the option of also taking a test for the HIV antibody. Neither the experience of receiving a negative HIV test result nor that of receiving a positive versus a negative diagnosis for STDs resulted in significant mean changes in self-reports of STD or HIV susceptibility, condom use consistency, or number of sexual partners during the 4 months following testing. However, perceived susceptibility was found to predict when women would decrease the consistency with which they used condoms as a function of HIV testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-260
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1996

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Keywords

  • HIV testing
  • Perceived susceptibility
  • Sexual behavior
  • Sexually transmitted disease testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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