Test-retest reliability of the seated functional rotation test in people with parkinson's disease: A preliminary study

Mitchell Batavia, John G. Gianutsos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study established the test-retest reliability of a seated Functional Rotation Test monitoring hand-pointing, together with head and trunk-rotation performance, in people with Parkinson's disease. An ancillary purpose was to establish the concurrent validity between the Functional Rotation Test and an electrogoniometer. 10 males with Parkinson's disease (M age = 70.5 yr.; Hoehn and Yahr staging severity ranging from II to IV) were recruited. Subjects were fitted with laser-pointing devices, sat in the Functional Rotation room, and were instructed to turn actively and point to their right (or left) as far as they could comfortably manage. Tagged projections were scored (in degrees). Testing was repeated after a brief interval. Electrogoniometer projected locations were compared with Functional Rotation Test scores. Intraclass correlation coefficients (.91 to .97) indicated excellent test-retest reliability. There was also excellent agreement between electrogoniometric and Functional Rotation Test values (Intraclass correlation coefficients = .99). Thus the Functional Rotation Test provides a replicable measure of axial rotation of head, trunk, and hand-pointing in seated subjects with Parkinson's disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-270
Number of pages12
JournalPerceptual and motor skills
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Sensory Systems

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