Technology and institutions: A critical appraisal of GIS in the planning domain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

GIS (Geographic Information Systems) has captured planning practice to an unprecedented degree, and this article on how it reconfigures and is configured by institutional context. The author inquires into GIS as a technology for incorporating knowledge into institutional use and includes five propositions: (1) GIS's efficiencies in data processing allows it unprecedented facility and scope of analysis, (2) its use increases alienation, (3) its mimetic language furthers its role in planning, (4) its logic appears rational-purposive, but it conceals an underlying normative logic, and (5) its most profound effect is on the mapper, and the alienating and normative character of GIS necessitate new modes of "social ground-truthing." The author studies the southeast Los Angeles (SELA) initiatives to demonstrate these propositions. This article compares two studies: one GIS-based, and the other based on participatory action research and discusses how GIS might be recontextualized into a technology for liberating democratizing processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)653-678
Number of pages26
JournalScience Technology and Human Values
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Geographic information systems
information system
Planning
planning
planning practice
alienation
action research
Geographical Information System
Geographic Information Systems
efficiency
language
Logic

Keywords

  • Critical theory
  • GIS
  • Public policy
  • Science and technology studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Technology and institutions : A critical appraisal of GIS in the planning domain. / Lejano, Raul P.

In: Science Technology and Human Values, Vol. 33, No. 5, 2008, p. 653-678.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9a1113db88c542db9a9b99c106061e95,
title = "Technology and institutions: A critical appraisal of GIS in the planning domain",
abstract = "GIS (Geographic Information Systems) has captured planning practice to an unprecedented degree, and this article on how it reconfigures and is configured by institutional context. The author inquires into GIS as a technology for incorporating knowledge into institutional use and includes five propositions: (1) GIS's efficiencies in data processing allows it unprecedented facility and scope of analysis, (2) its use increases alienation, (3) its mimetic language furthers its role in planning, (4) its logic appears rational-purposive, but it conceals an underlying normative logic, and (5) its most profound effect is on the mapper, and the alienating and normative character of GIS necessitate new modes of {"}social ground-truthing.{"} The author studies the southeast Los Angeles (SELA) initiatives to demonstrate these propositions. This article compares two studies: one GIS-based, and the other based on participatory action research and discusses how GIS might be recontextualized into a technology for liberating democratizing processes.",
keywords = "Critical theory, GIS, Public policy, Science and technology studies",
author = "Lejano, {Raul P.}",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1177/0162243907306705",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "653--678",
journal = "Science Technology and Human Values",
issn = "0162-2439",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Technology and institutions

T2 - A critical appraisal of GIS in the planning domain

AU - Lejano, Raul P.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - GIS (Geographic Information Systems) has captured planning practice to an unprecedented degree, and this article on how it reconfigures and is configured by institutional context. The author inquires into GIS as a technology for incorporating knowledge into institutional use and includes five propositions: (1) GIS's efficiencies in data processing allows it unprecedented facility and scope of analysis, (2) its use increases alienation, (3) its mimetic language furthers its role in planning, (4) its logic appears rational-purposive, but it conceals an underlying normative logic, and (5) its most profound effect is on the mapper, and the alienating and normative character of GIS necessitate new modes of "social ground-truthing." The author studies the southeast Los Angeles (SELA) initiatives to demonstrate these propositions. This article compares two studies: one GIS-based, and the other based on participatory action research and discusses how GIS might be recontextualized into a technology for liberating democratizing processes.

AB - GIS (Geographic Information Systems) has captured planning practice to an unprecedented degree, and this article on how it reconfigures and is configured by institutional context. The author inquires into GIS as a technology for incorporating knowledge into institutional use and includes five propositions: (1) GIS's efficiencies in data processing allows it unprecedented facility and scope of analysis, (2) its use increases alienation, (3) its mimetic language furthers its role in planning, (4) its logic appears rational-purposive, but it conceals an underlying normative logic, and (5) its most profound effect is on the mapper, and the alienating and normative character of GIS necessitate new modes of "social ground-truthing." The author studies the southeast Los Angeles (SELA) initiatives to demonstrate these propositions. This article compares two studies: one GIS-based, and the other based on participatory action research and discusses how GIS might be recontextualized into a technology for liberating democratizing processes.

KW - Critical theory

KW - GIS

KW - Public policy

KW - Science and technology studies

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=48949089462&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=48949089462&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0162243907306705

DO - 10.1177/0162243907306705

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:48949089462

VL - 33

SP - 653

EP - 678

JO - Science Technology and Human Values

JF - Science Technology and Human Values

SN - 0162-2439

IS - 5

ER -