Technological innovation and inequality in health

Sharon Glied, Adriana Lleras-Muney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effect of education on health has been increasing over the past several decades. We hypothesize that this increasing disparity is related to health-related technical progress: more-educated people are the first to take advantage of technological advances that improve health. We test this hypothesis using data on disease-specific mortality ratesfor 1980 and 1990, and cancer registry data for 1973-1993. We estimate education gradients in mortality using compulsory schooling as a measure of education. We then relate these gradients to two measures of health-related innovation: the number of active drug ingredients available to treat a disease, and the rate of change in mortality from that disease. We find that more-educated individuals have a greater survival advantage in those diseases for which there has been more health-related technological progress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)741-761
Number of pages21
JournalDemography
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography

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