Task demand not so damning: Improved techniques that mitigate demand in studies that support top-down effects

Emily Balcetis, Shana Cole

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Firestone & Scholl's (F&S's) techniques to combat task demand by manipulating expectations and offering alternative cover stories are fundamentally flawed because they introduce new forms of demand. We review five superior techniques to mitigate demand used in confirmatory studies of top-down effects. We encourage researchers to apply the same standards when evaluating evidence on both sides of the debate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e230
JournalThe Behavioral and brain sciences
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Physiology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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