Systematic analysis of microfluidic probe design and operation

Thomas Gervais, Mohammadali Safavieh, Mohammad Qasaimeh, David Juncker

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Microfluidic probes are an emerging tool used in a wide range of applications including surface biopatterning, immunohistology, and cell migration studies. They control flow above a surface by simultaneously injecting and aspirating fluids from a pen-like structure positioned a few tens of microns above a surface. Rather than confining flows inside microchannels they rely on recirculating flow patterns between the probe tip and the substrate to create a hydrodynamic flow confinement (HFC) zone in which reagents can be locally delivered to the surface. In this paper, we provide a theoretical model, supported by numerical simulations and experimental data, describing the extent of the HFC as a function of the two most important probe operation parameters, the ratio of aspiration to injection flow rate, and the distance between probe apertures. Two types of probes are studied: two-aperture microfluidic probes (MFPs) and microfluidic quadrupoles (MQs). In both cases, the model yields very accurate results and suggests a simple underlying theory based on 2D potential flows to understand probe operation. We further highlight how the model can be used to precisely control the probe's 'brush stroke' while in surface patterning mode. The understanding of probe operation made possible through the provided analytical model should lay the bases for computer-controlled probe calibration and operation.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publication2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
    PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
    Pages1567-1570
    Number of pages4
    ISBN (Electronic)9781424479290
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
    Event2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014 - Chicago, United States
    Duration: Aug 26 2014Aug 30 2014

    Other

    Other2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
    CountryUnited States
    CityChicago
    Period8/26/148/30/14

    Fingerprint

    Microfluidic Analytical Techniques
    Microfluidics
    Hydrodynamics
    Calibration
    Cell Movement
    Confined flow
    Theoretical Models
    Stroke
    Injections
    Potential flow
    Brushes
    Microchannels
    Flow control
    Flow patterns
    Analytical models
    Flow rate

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health Informatics
    • Computer Science Applications
    • Biomedical Engineering
    • Medicine(all)

    Cite this

    Gervais, T., Safavieh, M., Qasaimeh, M., & Juncker, D. (2014). Systematic analysis of microfluidic probe design and operation. In 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014 (pp. 1567-1570). [6943902] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2014.6943902

    Systematic analysis of microfluidic probe design and operation. / Gervais, Thomas; Safavieh, Mohammadali; Qasaimeh, Mohammad; Juncker, David.

    2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2014. p. 1567-1570 6943902.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Gervais, T, Safavieh, M, Qasaimeh, M & Juncker, D 2014, Systematic analysis of microfluidic probe design and operation. in 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014., 6943902, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 1567-1570, 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014, Chicago, United States, 8/26/14. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2014.6943902
    Gervais T, Safavieh M, Qasaimeh M, Juncker D. Systematic analysis of microfluidic probe design and operation. In 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2014. p. 1567-1570. 6943902 https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2014.6943902
    Gervais, Thomas ; Safavieh, Mohammadali ; Qasaimeh, Mohammad ; Juncker, David. / Systematic analysis of microfluidic probe design and operation. 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2014. pp. 1567-1570
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