Synthesis, cyclic voltammetry, and X-ray crystal structures of copper(I) and copper(II) complexes of tris((6-phenyl-2-pyridyl)methyl)amine (TPPA)

Chang L. Chuang, Kitae Lim, Qiu Chen, Jon Zubieta, James Canary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The synthesis and characterization of a new ligand, tris((6-phenyl-2-pyridyl)methyl)amine (TPPA) and some of its copper complexes are described. The complexes [Cu(TPPA)]BPh4 (7) and [Cu(TPPA)(AN)](ClO4)2 (8) (AN = acetonitrile) were prepared and their X-ray crystal structures and redox potentials were determined. The X-ray structure of 7 (triclinic space group, P1; a = 14.603(3), b = 15.137(3), c = 12.974(3) Å, α = 91.76(3), β = 105.87(3), γ = 117.00(3)°, V = 2417.4(12) Å3, Z = 2) displays a copper(I) atom with a distorted trigonal pyramidal coordination sphere, but the X-ray structure of 8 (triclinic space group, P1; a = 13.458(3), b = 13.586(3) c = 11.082(2) Å, α = 113.00(3), β= 94.48(3), γ = 90.53(3)°, V = 1857.7(9) Å3, Z = 2) indicates that the copper(II) atom has the expected trigonal bipyramid geometry. The reduction potential of 8 in dimethylformamide, dimethylacetamide, acetonitrile, and isobutyronitrile is quite positive compared to [Cu(TPA)](ClO4)2 (TPA = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine) under identical conditions. The various factors that may contribute to the difference in oxidation potential are discussed. The positive redox potential combined with steric factors accounts for the lack of reactivity of [Cu(TPPA)]PF6 with molecular O2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2562-2568
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume34
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1995

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Cyclic voltammetry
Copper
amines
Crystal structure
X rays
copper
crystal structure
synthesis
acetonitrile
Dimethylformamide
Atoms
x rays
Ligands
atoms
Oxidation
Geometry
reactivity
ligands
oxidation
tris((6-phenyl-2-pyridyl)methyl)amine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

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Synthesis, cyclic voltammetry, and X-ray crystal structures of copper(I) and copper(II) complexes of tris((6-phenyl-2-pyridyl)methyl)amine (TPPA). / Chuang, Chang L.; Lim, Kitae; Chen, Qiu; Zubieta, Jon; Canary, James.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 34, No. 10, 1995, p. 2562-2568.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Synthesis, cyclic voltammetry, and X-ray crystal structures of copper(I) and copper(II) complexes of tris((6-phenyl-2-pyridyl)methyl)amine (TPPA)",
abstract = "The synthesis and characterization of a new ligand, tris((6-phenyl-2-pyridyl)methyl)amine (TPPA) and some of its copper complexes are described. The complexes [Cu(TPPA)]BPh4 (7) and [Cu(TPPA)(AN)](ClO4)2 (8) (AN = acetonitrile) were prepared and their X-ray crystal structures and redox potentials were determined. The X-ray structure of 7 (triclinic space group, P1; a = 14.603(3), b = 15.137(3), c = 12.974(3) {\AA}, α = 91.76(3), β = 105.87(3), γ = 117.00(3)°, V = 2417.4(12) {\AA}3, Z = 2) displays a copper(I) atom with a distorted trigonal pyramidal coordination sphere, but the X-ray structure of 8 (triclinic space group, P1; a = 13.458(3), b = 13.586(3) c = 11.082(2) {\AA}, α = 113.00(3), β= 94.48(3), γ = 90.53(3)°, V = 1857.7(9) {\AA}3, Z = 2) indicates that the copper(II) atom has the expected trigonal bipyramid geometry. The reduction potential of 8 in dimethylformamide, dimethylacetamide, acetonitrile, and isobutyronitrile is quite positive compared to [Cu(TPA)](ClO4)2 (TPA = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine) under identical conditions. The various factors that may contribute to the difference in oxidation potential are discussed. The positive redox potential combined with steric factors accounts for the lack of reactivity of [Cu(TPPA)]PF6 with molecular O2.",
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AU - Canary, James

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N2 - The synthesis and characterization of a new ligand, tris((6-phenyl-2-pyridyl)methyl)amine (TPPA) and some of its copper complexes are described. The complexes [Cu(TPPA)]BPh4 (7) and [Cu(TPPA)(AN)](ClO4)2 (8) (AN = acetonitrile) were prepared and their X-ray crystal structures and redox potentials were determined. The X-ray structure of 7 (triclinic space group, P1; a = 14.603(3), b = 15.137(3), c = 12.974(3) Å, α = 91.76(3), β = 105.87(3), γ = 117.00(3)°, V = 2417.4(12) Å3, Z = 2) displays a copper(I) atom with a distorted trigonal pyramidal coordination sphere, but the X-ray structure of 8 (triclinic space group, P1; a = 13.458(3), b = 13.586(3) c = 11.082(2) Å, α = 113.00(3), β= 94.48(3), γ = 90.53(3)°, V = 1857.7(9) Å3, Z = 2) indicates that the copper(II) atom has the expected trigonal bipyramid geometry. The reduction potential of 8 in dimethylformamide, dimethylacetamide, acetonitrile, and isobutyronitrile is quite positive compared to [Cu(TPA)](ClO4)2 (TPA = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine) under identical conditions. The various factors that may contribute to the difference in oxidation potential are discussed. The positive redox potential combined with steric factors accounts for the lack of reactivity of [Cu(TPPA)]PF6 with molecular O2.

AB - The synthesis and characterization of a new ligand, tris((6-phenyl-2-pyridyl)methyl)amine (TPPA) and some of its copper complexes are described. The complexes [Cu(TPPA)]BPh4 (7) and [Cu(TPPA)(AN)](ClO4)2 (8) (AN = acetonitrile) were prepared and their X-ray crystal structures and redox potentials were determined. The X-ray structure of 7 (triclinic space group, P1; a = 14.603(3), b = 15.137(3), c = 12.974(3) Å, α = 91.76(3), β = 105.87(3), γ = 117.00(3)°, V = 2417.4(12) Å3, Z = 2) displays a copper(I) atom with a distorted trigonal pyramidal coordination sphere, but the X-ray structure of 8 (triclinic space group, P1; a = 13.458(3), b = 13.586(3) c = 11.082(2) Å, α = 113.00(3), β= 94.48(3), γ = 90.53(3)°, V = 1857.7(9) Å3, Z = 2) indicates that the copper(II) atom has the expected trigonal bipyramid geometry. The reduction potential of 8 in dimethylformamide, dimethylacetamide, acetonitrile, and isobutyronitrile is quite positive compared to [Cu(TPA)](ClO4)2 (TPA = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine) under identical conditions. The various factors that may contribute to the difference in oxidation potential are discussed. The positive redox potential combined with steric factors accounts for the lack of reactivity of [Cu(TPPA)]PF6 with molecular O2.

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