Symptoms of depression among Caribbean women and Caribbean-Canadian women: An investigation of self-silencing and domains of meaning

Alisha Ali, Brenda B. Toner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study compared an immigrant sample of Caribbean-Canadian women (n = 20) and a sample of women living in the Caribbean (n = 20) on the following variables: dominant domain of meaning (defined as that aspect of the participant's life from which she derives primary meaning for her sense of self); self-silencing (defined as the tendency to silence one's thoughts and feelings; Jack, 1991); and symptoms of depression. Results revealed that the Caribbean women were more likely to report relational domains of meaning as primary (e.g., family, friendships, intimate rela-tionships), while the Caribbean-Canadian women were more likely to report domains of self-nurturance as primary (e.g., career goals, spirituality). Furthermore, univariate analysis revealed that the Caribbean-Canadian women reported higher levels of self-silencing and depressive symptoms, and derived less meaningfulness from their primary domains of meaning compared to the Caribbean women. These findings suggest that the immigrant experience may be a factor in women's emotional well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalPsychology of Women Quarterly
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Gender Studies

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