P401 (also known as mast cell degranulating protein, MCD) is a minor component of honeybee venom. Its primary structure is related to that of apamin. We have studied the structure of P401 in solution by high-resolution two-dimensional 1H-NMR spectroscopy. Almost all the backbone proton resonances have been assigned by sequential assignment strategy. Analysis of NOEs shows that P401 has a conformation very similar to that of apamin. N-terminal residues Ile-1-Cys-5 are in an extended conformation and residues His-13-Asn-22 on the C-terminus are in an α-helical structure. These two secondary structural elements are connected by two tight turns.
- Mast cell degranulating protein
- Toxin structure
- two-dimensional NMR
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry