Striking deficiency in top-down perceptual reorganization of two-tone images in preschool children

J. M D Yoon, Jonathan Winawer, N. Witthoft, E. M. Markman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Two-tone images (black and white transformations of gray-scale photographs) can be difficult for adult observers to recognize. However, following a brief presentation of the original photograph from which the two-tone image was created, adults experience rapid and long-lasting perceptual reorganization, such that after the initial presentation, the two-tone image becomes immediately and easily recognizable. Following a previously reported observation [1], we present evidence that, in contrast to the effortless recognition seen in adults, preschoolaged children are generally unable to recognize two-tone images even when the photograph is simultaneously available. When asked to draw corresponding parts of the photo and two-tone images, children often marked correct regions of the photo and nonsensical regions of the two-tone image. A control experiment showed that children are fully able to mark corresponding parts of two identical photographs. These results point to a dramatic lack of cue-driven perceptual reorganization in young children under conditions that trigger instant recognition in adults. We suggest that this robust phenomenon may provide a window into the development of top-down mechanisms of perceptual learning and consider interventions (e.g., [2-4]) that may improve young children's ability to use one image to reorganize another.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL
Pages181-186
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Event2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 11 2007Jul 13 2007

Other

Other2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period7/11/077/13/07

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Experiments

Keywords

  • Development
  • Perceptual Reorganization
  • Preschool Children
  • Two-Tone Images

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

Yoon, J. M. D., Winawer, J., Witthoft, N., & Markman, E. M. (2007). Striking deficiency in top-down perceptual reorganization of two-tone images in preschool children. In 2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL (pp. 181-186). [4354071] https://doi.org/10.1109/DEVLRN.2007.4354071

Striking deficiency in top-down perceptual reorganization of two-tone images in preschool children. / Yoon, J. M D; Winawer, Jonathan; Witthoft, N.; Markman, E. M.

2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL. 2007. p. 181-186 4354071.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Yoon, JMD, Winawer, J, Witthoft, N & Markman, EM 2007, Striking deficiency in top-down perceptual reorganization of two-tone images in preschool children. in 2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL., 4354071, pp. 181-186, 2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL, London, United Kingdom, 7/11/07. https://doi.org/10.1109/DEVLRN.2007.4354071
Yoon JMD, Winawer J, Witthoft N, Markman EM. Striking deficiency in top-down perceptual reorganization of two-tone images in preschool children. In 2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL. 2007. p. 181-186. 4354071 https://doi.org/10.1109/DEVLRN.2007.4354071
Yoon, J. M D ; Winawer, Jonathan ; Witthoft, N. ; Markman, E. M. / Striking deficiency in top-down perceptual reorganization of two-tone images in preschool children. 2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL. 2007. pp. 181-186
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