We study a monetary system in which final goods sell on spot markets, while labor and dividends sell through contracts. Firms and workers confuse absolute and relative price changes: A positive price-level shock makes sellers think they are producing better goods than they really are. They split this apparent windfall with workers who get a higher real wage. Hence, unexpected inflation shifts real income from firms (the principals) to workers (the agents), and thereby lowers stock-returns. A predictable money-supply rulestrictlyPareto-dominates random money-supply rules.Journal of Economic LiteratureClassification Numbers: E43, E51.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Economics and Econometrics