Stellar forensics with the supernova-GRB connection - Ludwig Biermann Award Lecture 2010

M. Modjaz

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and type Ib/c supernovae (SNe Ib/c) are amongst nature's most magnificent explosions. While GRBs launch relativistic jets, SNe Ib/c are core-collapse explosions whose progenitors have been stripped of their hydrogen and helium envelopes. Yet for over a decade, one of the key outstanding questions is what conditions lead to each kind of explosion in massive stars. Determining the fates of massive stars is not only a vibrant topic in itself, but also impacts using GRBs as star formation indicators over distances up to 13 billion light-years and for mapping the chemical enrichment history of the universe. This article reviews a number of comprehensive observational studies that probe the progenitor environments, their metallicities and the explosion geometries of SN with and without GRBs, as well as the emerging field of SN environmental studies. Furthermore, it discusses SN2008D/XRT 080109 which was discovered serendipitously with the Swift satellite via its X-ray emission from shock breakout and which generated great interest amongst both observers and theorists while illustrating a novel technique for stellar forensics. The article concludes with an outlook on how the most promising venues of research - with the many existing and upcoming large-scale surveys such as PTF and LSST - will shed new light on the diverse deaths of massive stars

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)434-447
    Number of pages14
    JournalAstronomische Nachrichten
    Volume332
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 2011

    Fingerprint

    lectures
    gamma ray bursts
    supernovae
    explosions
    explosion
    massive stars
    death
    helium
    metallicity
    star formation
    emerging
    envelopes
    universe
    shock
    probe
    histories
    hydrogen
    geometry
    probes
    history

    Keywords

    • Gamma-rays: bursts
    • Supernovae: general

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Stellar forensics with the supernova-GRB connection - Ludwig Biermann Award Lecture 2010. / Modjaz, M.

    In: Astronomische Nachrichten, Vol. 332, No. 5, 06.2011, p. 434-447.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{b3541c56c6c54c99947c7810dcb08e29,
    title = "Stellar forensics with the supernova-GRB connection - Ludwig Biermann Award Lecture 2010",
    abstract = "Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and type Ib/c supernovae (SNe Ib/c) are amongst nature's most magnificent explosions. While GRBs launch relativistic jets, SNe Ib/c are core-collapse explosions whose progenitors have been stripped of their hydrogen and helium envelopes. Yet for over a decade, one of the key outstanding questions is what conditions lead to each kind of explosion in massive stars. Determining the fates of massive stars is not only a vibrant topic in itself, but also impacts using GRBs as star formation indicators over distances up to 13 billion light-years and for mapping the chemical enrichment history of the universe. This article reviews a number of comprehensive observational studies that probe the progenitor environments, their metallicities and the explosion geometries of SN with and without GRBs, as well as the emerging field of SN environmental studies. Furthermore, it discusses SN2008D/XRT 080109 which was discovered serendipitously with the Swift satellite via its X-ray emission from shock breakout and which generated great interest amongst both observers and theorists while illustrating a novel technique for stellar forensics. The article concludes with an outlook on how the most promising venues of research - with the many existing and upcoming large-scale surveys such as PTF and LSST - will shed new light on the diverse deaths of massive stars",
    keywords = "Gamma-rays: bursts, Supernovae: general",
    author = "M. Modjaz",
    year = "2011",
    month = "6",
    doi = "10.1002/asna.201111562",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "332",
    pages = "434--447",
    journal = "Astronomische Nachrichten",
    issn = "0004-6337",
    publisher = "Wiley-VCH Verlag",
    number = "5",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Stellar forensics with the supernova-GRB connection - Ludwig Biermann Award Lecture 2010

    AU - Modjaz, M.

    PY - 2011/6

    Y1 - 2011/6

    N2 - Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and type Ib/c supernovae (SNe Ib/c) are amongst nature's most magnificent explosions. While GRBs launch relativistic jets, SNe Ib/c are core-collapse explosions whose progenitors have been stripped of their hydrogen and helium envelopes. Yet for over a decade, one of the key outstanding questions is what conditions lead to each kind of explosion in massive stars. Determining the fates of massive stars is not only a vibrant topic in itself, but also impacts using GRBs as star formation indicators over distances up to 13 billion light-years and for mapping the chemical enrichment history of the universe. This article reviews a number of comprehensive observational studies that probe the progenitor environments, their metallicities and the explosion geometries of SN with and without GRBs, as well as the emerging field of SN environmental studies. Furthermore, it discusses SN2008D/XRT 080109 which was discovered serendipitously with the Swift satellite via its X-ray emission from shock breakout and which generated great interest amongst both observers and theorists while illustrating a novel technique for stellar forensics. The article concludes with an outlook on how the most promising venues of research - with the many existing and upcoming large-scale surveys such as PTF and LSST - will shed new light on the diverse deaths of massive stars

    AB - Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and type Ib/c supernovae (SNe Ib/c) are amongst nature's most magnificent explosions. While GRBs launch relativistic jets, SNe Ib/c are core-collapse explosions whose progenitors have been stripped of their hydrogen and helium envelopes. Yet for over a decade, one of the key outstanding questions is what conditions lead to each kind of explosion in massive stars. Determining the fates of massive stars is not only a vibrant topic in itself, but also impacts using GRBs as star formation indicators over distances up to 13 billion light-years and for mapping the chemical enrichment history of the universe. This article reviews a number of comprehensive observational studies that probe the progenitor environments, their metallicities and the explosion geometries of SN with and without GRBs, as well as the emerging field of SN environmental studies. Furthermore, it discusses SN2008D/XRT 080109 which was discovered serendipitously with the Swift satellite via its X-ray emission from shock breakout and which generated great interest amongst both observers and theorists while illustrating a novel technique for stellar forensics. The article concludes with an outlook on how the most promising venues of research - with the many existing and upcoming large-scale surveys such as PTF and LSST - will shed new light on the diverse deaths of massive stars

    KW - Gamma-rays: bursts

    KW - Supernovae: general

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79957701177&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79957701177&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1002/asna.201111562

    DO - 10.1002/asna.201111562

    M3 - Article

    VL - 332

    SP - 434

    EP - 447

    JO - Astronomische Nachrichten

    JF - Astronomische Nachrichten

    SN - 0004-6337

    IS - 5

    ER -