Stellar Forensics with the Supernova-GRB Connection

Maryam Modjaz

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and type Ib/c supernovae (SNe Ib/c) are amongst nature's most magnificent explosions. While GRBs launch relativistic jets, SNe Ib/c are core-collapse explosions whose progenitors have been stripped of their hydrogen and helium envelopes. Yet for over a decade, one of the key outstanding questions is what conditions lead to each kind of explosion in massive stars. Determining the fates of massive stars is not only a vibrant topic in itself, but also impacts using GRBs as star formation indicators over distances up to 13 billion light-years and for mapping the chemical enrichment history of the universe. This article reviews a number of comprehensive observational studies that probe the progenitor environments, their metallicities and the explosion geometries of SN with and without GRBs, as well as the emerging field of SN environmental studies. Furthermore, it discusses SN2008D/XRT 080109 which was discovered serendipitously with the Swift satellite via its X-ray emission from shock breakout and which generated great interest amongst both observers and theorists while illustrating a novel technique for stellar forensics. The article concludes with an outlook on how the most promising venues of research - with the many existing and upcoming large-scale surveys such as PTF and LSST - will shed new light on the diverse deaths of massive stars.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationReviews in Modern Astronomy: Zooming in: The Cosmos at High Resolution
    PublisherWiley-VCH
    Pages11-36
    Number of pages26
    Volume23
    ISBN (Print)9783527411139
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 23 2012

    Fingerprint

    gamma ray bursts
    supernovae
    explosions
    massive stars
    death
    metallicity
    star formation
    emerging
    envelopes
    universe
    shock
    helium
    histories
    probes
    hydrogen
    geometry
    x rays

    Keywords

    • Aspherical explosions
    • Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs)
    • Stripped supernovae (SNe)

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

    Cite this

    Modjaz, M. (2012). Stellar Forensics with the Supernova-GRB Connection. In Reviews in Modern Astronomy: Zooming in: The Cosmos at High Resolution (Vol. 23, pp. 11-36). Wiley-VCH. https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527644384.ch2

    Stellar Forensics with the Supernova-GRB Connection. / Modjaz, Maryam.

    Reviews in Modern Astronomy: Zooming in: The Cosmos at High Resolution. Vol. 23 Wiley-VCH, 2012. p. 11-36.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Modjaz, M 2012, Stellar Forensics with the Supernova-GRB Connection. in Reviews in Modern Astronomy: Zooming in: The Cosmos at High Resolution. vol. 23, Wiley-VCH, pp. 11-36. https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527644384.ch2
    Modjaz M. Stellar Forensics with the Supernova-GRB Connection. In Reviews in Modern Astronomy: Zooming in: The Cosmos at High Resolution. Vol. 23. Wiley-VCH. 2012. p. 11-36 https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527644384.ch2
    Modjaz, Maryam. / Stellar Forensics with the Supernova-GRB Connection. Reviews in Modern Astronomy: Zooming in: The Cosmos at High Resolution. Vol. 23 Wiley-VCH, 2012. pp. 11-36
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