Statistical discourse analysis of a role-based online discussion forum: Patterns of knowledge construction

Alyssa Friend Wise, Ming Ming Chiu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Assigning roles to individual students can influence the group's knowledge construction (KC) process during online discussions. Twenty-one students were divided into two groups and assigned rotating roles for eight one-week asynchronous online discussions. The KC contributions of all 252 posts in the discussion were coded using a five phase scheme and statistical discourse analysis was applied to identify segments of discussion characterized by particular aspects of KC plus "pivotal posts"-those posts which initiated new segments of discussion. Finally, the influences of assigned student roles on pivotal posts and KC were modeled. The results indicate that most online discussions had a single pivotal post separating the discussion into two distinct segments: the first dominated by a lower KC phase; the second dominated by a higher KC phase. The pivotal posts that initiated later segments were often contributed mid-discussion by students playing one of two summarizing roles (Synthesizer and Wrapper).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 45th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS-45
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages3378-3386
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9780769545257
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Event2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS 2012 - Maui, HI, United States
Duration: Jan 4 2012Jan 7 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
ISSN (Print)1530-1605

Other

Other2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS 2012
CountryUnited States
CityMaui, HI
Period1/4/121/7/12

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Wise, A. F., & Chiu, M. M. (2012). Statistical discourse analysis of a role-based online discussion forum: Patterns of knowledge construction. In Proceedings of the 45th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS-45 (pp. 3378-3386). [6149233] (Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences). IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/HICSS.2012.546