State of the art review on membrane surface characterisation: Visualisation, verification and quantification of membrane properties

Daniel J. Johnson, Darren L. Oatley-Radcliffe, Nidal Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Many of the properties exhibited by separation membranes are due to interactions at the interface with their environment, including flux, rejection of solutes and surface fouling. As such when trying to understand how such interactions affect their function and when developing novel membranes with improved properties, a thorough understanding of their surface properties is essential. In this review paper we describe and discuss a number of instrumental techniques commonly used to characterize membrane surface, along with illustrative examples from the literature on membrane development and characterisation. The techniques described include spectroscopic techniques, microscopic techniques and methods to measure the surface wettability and electrokinetic behaviour.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-36
Number of pages25
StatePublished - May 15 2018



  • Electrokinetics
  • Fouling
  • Membrane development
  • Membrane fouling
  • Microscopy
  • Spectroscopy
  • Surface characterisation
  • Wetting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this