State of the art in 60-GHz integrated circuits and systems for wireless communications

Theodore S. Rappaport, James N. Murdock, Felix Gutierrez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This tutorial presents an overview of the technological advances in millimeter-wave (mm-wave) circuit components, antennas, and propagation that will soon allow 60-GHz transceivers to provide multigigabit per second (multi-Gb/s) wireless communication data transfers in the consumer marketplace. Our goal is to help engineers understand the convergence of communications, circuits, and antennas, as the emerging world of subterahertz and terahertz wireless communications will require understanding at the intersections of these areas. This paper covers trends and recent accomplishments in a wide range of circuits and systems topics that must be understood to create massively broadband wireless communication systems of the future. In this paper, we present some evolving applications of massively broadband wireless communications, and use tables and graphs to show research progress from the literature on various radio system components, including on-chip and in-package antennas, radio-frequency (RF) power amplifiers (PAs), low-noise amplifiers (LNAs), voltage-controlled oscillators (VCOs), mixers, and analog-to-digital converters (ADCs). We focus primarily on silicon-based technologies, as these provide the best means of implementing very low-cost, highly integrated 60-GHz mm-wave circuits. In addition, the paper illuminates characterization techniques that are required to competently design and fabricate mm-wave devices in silicon, and illustrates effects of the 60-GHz RF propagation channel for both in-building and outdoor use. The paper concludes with an overview of the standardization and commercialization efforts for 60-GHz multi-Gb/s devices, and presents a novel way to compare the data rate versus power efficiency for future broadband devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5958173
Pages (from-to)1390-1436
Number of pages47
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Volume99
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

Fingerprint

Integrated circuits
Communication
Networks (circuits)
Antennas
Millimeter waves
Millimeter wave devices
Radio frequency amplifiers
Silicon
Mixer circuits
Low noise amplifiers
Radio systems
Variable frequency oscillators
Digital to analog conversion
Data transfer
Power amplifiers
Transceivers
Standardization
Communication systems
Engineers
Costs

Keywords

  • 60-GHz communication
  • Analog-to-digital converters (ADCs)
  • broadband communication
  • circuits and systems
  • CMOS integrated circuits
  • CMOS process
  • communication standards
  • IEEE standards
  • in-package antennas
  • integrated circuit modeling
  • low-noise amplifiers (LNAs)
  • millimeter-wave (mm-wave) communication
  • millimeter-wave integrated circuits
  • millimeter-wave propagation
  • mixers
  • MOSFETs
  • on-chip antennas
  • power amplifiers (PAs)
  • radio-frequency integrated circuits (RFICs)
  • semiconductor waveguides
  • subterahertz wireless
  • transmission lines
  • voltage-controlled oscillators (VCOs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

State of the art in 60-GHz integrated circuits and systems for wireless communications. / Rappaport, Theodore S.; Murdock, James N.; Gutierrez, Felix.

In: Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 99, No. 8, 5958173, 08.2011, p. 1390-1436.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rappaport, Theodore S. ; Murdock, James N. ; Gutierrez, Felix. / State of the art in 60-GHz integrated circuits and systems for wireless communications. In: Proceedings of the IEEE. 2011 ; Vol. 99, No. 8. pp. 1390-1436.
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