Spontaneous Self-Descriptions and Ethnic Identities in Individualistic and Collectivistic Cultures

Eun Rhee, James S. Uleman, Hoon K. Lee, Robert J. Roman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Twenty Statements Test (TST) was administered in Seoul and New York, to 454 students from 2 cultures that emphasize collectivism and individualism, respectively. Responses, coded into 33 categories, were classified as either abstract or specific and as either autonomous or social. These 2 dichotomies were more independent in Seoul than in New York. The New York sample included Asian Americans whose spontaneous social identities differed. They either never listed ethnicity-nationality on the TST, or listed it once or twice. Unidentified Asian Americans' self-concepts resembled Euro-Americans' self-concepts, and twice identified Asian Americans' self-concepts resembled Koreans' self-concepts, in both abstractness-specificity and autonomy-sociality. Differential acculturation did not account for these results. Implications for social identity, self-categorization, and acculturation theory are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-152
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume69
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1995

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self-concept
ethnic identity
Self Concept
Asian Americans
Acculturation
Social Identification
acculturation
collectivism
sociality
individualism
nationality
Ethnic Groups
ethnicity
autonomy
Students
student
Seoul

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Spontaneous Self-Descriptions and Ethnic Identities in Individualistic and Collectivistic Cultures. / Rhee, Eun; Uleman, James S.; Lee, Hoon K.; Roman, Robert J.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 69, No. 1, 07.1995, p. 142-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rhee, Eun ; Uleman, James S. ; Lee, Hoon K. ; Roman, Robert J. / Spontaneous Self-Descriptions and Ethnic Identities in Individualistic and Collectivistic Cultures. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1995 ; Vol. 69, No. 1. pp. 142-152.
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